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Ice World Project Complex Façade Design Made Easier with BIM

Thursday, July 23rd, 2015

China’s Ice World is poised to be the biggest indoor ice- and water-themed park in the world, putting entertainment, sightseeing, and hospitality all in one place.

As part of the Changsha Great King Mountain Tourist Resort, Ice World—along with a five-star hotel—is a modern, integrated complex located at the western side of an ancient mine.

Ice World 1

When completed in 2017, Great King Mountain Ice World will be the largest winter wonderland theme park in the world. Construction on the project, which is located in Changsha, provincial capital of Hunan province in central China, began in 2013.

Great King Mountain Ice World Tourist Resort is nestled at the south-western side of Changsha province, 8.5 kilometers from the city center and supported by a convenient transportation network. The resort faces the famous Xiang River and Great King Mountain to the east and west, respectively, offering broad geographical views.

Great King Mountain Ice World has an astonishing area of 1.5 hectares and the gross area is 180,000 square meters.

Situated at the top of an ancient mine pit, Ice World blends with the breathtaking scenery around it.

The sculpture-like, shell-shaped façade rests across the tip of the deep mine, spanning 170m and only revealing the east and south sides of the pit. There is a hanging garden between the deepest part of the pit and the cover of Ice World, creating an island space for the ultimate show of natural and man-made beauty.

With the lake water and the cliff pathway in view, visitors see the pieces of this natural heritage as one spectacular experience, with unique open space located between the architecture and the scenery. The water element in the pit inspired the creation of a water-spiral rooftop.

Another impressive architectural feature is the glass pyramids in the centre, designed to reflect sunlight on both the surface of the island and the surface of the water.

Complex Project, Large Team

Shanghai Xian Dai Architectural Design (Group) Co. Ltd., a service company that utilizes advanced technology, is one of the main design firms in this project. The company has more than 60 years of experience.

It wholly owns East China Architectural Design & Research Institute Co., Ltd. and its subsidiaries, East China Architectural Design & Research Institute (ECADI), Urban Design Institute of Xian Dai Group, Shanghai Architectural Design & Research Co., Ltd, Shanghai Xian Dai Architecture, Engineering & Consulting Co., Ltd., Wilson &Associates LLC, etc.

The design group itself has more than 10 professional institutes and employs 6,000 professionals, including 700 that are well-versed with Building Information Modeling (BIM). Xian Dai has employed Dassault Systèmes solutions in a number of projects already.

Ice World 2

The Ice World project involved more than 20 design teams and required a large amount of data and information to be shared.

“This project has been very, very challenging,” Mr. Kai Wang, Executive Manager and Technology Director, Digitization Technology Center, Shanghai Xian Dai Group, said at a Construction Playground talk at the 3D Experience Forum China 2015 held in Shanghai on June 4.

Mr. Kai Wang

Mr. Kai Wang, Shanghai Xian Dai Group

He spoke in detail about the various teams and complicated subsystems required. There was standing room only at the session, as Mr. Wang described how Dassault Systèmes’ CATIA was used in the design of the project.

The project involved a large number of different teams, including more than 20 design teams. There were also many complicated building, structural and electrical subsystems required. This meant a large amount of data and information had to be shared; the BIM model was 2.4G in size and had 33 different modules.

Click to TweetClick to Tweet: China’s complex Ice World project involved >20 design teams; here’s how it worked: http://ctt.ec/OL9TG+

While the total investment for the project was RMB 2.9 billion (approximately US$467.2 million), the high level of complexity made keeping to the budget and controlling costs tough. The sheer scale and number of different parties involved made coordination and communication extraordinarily difficult.

“Because of the complexity, conventional software was inadequate,” Mr. Wang explained. Highly detailed designs were required right from the beginning. And the firm also had to minimize cost and expedite processes, reducing the time spent on each stage. “In the end some of the original targets proved to be too ambitious and we had to scale back and lower some of the targets,” he said.

The targets included reducing budget deviation by 30 percent and above, keeping budget accuracy to within a variation of 3 percent, reducing the time required for setting the budget by 50 percent, reducing drawings review time and work cycles by 50 percent, and attaining a two-star rating for Green Building Design.

Click to TweetClick to Tweet: Team on massive #IceWorld project in China reduced work cycles by 50% with #BIM

According to Mr. Wang, a platform that could facilitate more precise modeling and make coordination easier was required. The system also had to be efficient to enable better transmission of information.

They needed a platform that was mature but was also modular, with an open structure to cater to the different users: consultants, architects, the mechanical, electrical and plumbing (MEP), and structure and teams, as well as knowledge management (KM).

3d Experience Forum Ice World

Mr. Kai Wang, Executive Manager and Technology Director, Digitization Technology Center, Shanghai Xian Dai Group, sharing how Ice World project used BIM for sophisticated façade design at the 3D Experience Forum China 2015.

Strategic Advantages

With CATIA, reports, spreadsheets, drawing specifications, models and analyses are all linked and integrated, and made accessible through the collaborative environment.

The advantages of using the CATIA include its ease of use with a tablet or notebook computer, which means more portability and easier sharing and showing during project discussions. In addition, no additional installation was required on individual computer terminals before the system could be accessed.

Click to TweetClick to Tweet: Designers used #CATIA on the new Great King Mountain #IceWorld Tourist Resort in China

Mr. Wang cited superior computing and rendering speed as an advantage, while discussing its use from conceptualization through to design and data management. The system first looks in the cache for data and sends it to the CPU; if the information required is not in the cache, it will then be fetched from the RAM. With CATIA, 3D modeling, rendering, and exporting are made possible with CAD software.

Mr. Wang illustrated the use of CATIA from concept, design development, fabrication, and construction planning for the frozen 3D façade of the Ice World. The system is compatible with other software functions and generates precise information necessary for 3D modeling in a central knowledge management database.

Shanghai Xian Dai Group also generated and stored construction standards documents in the central database in the form of a BIM, eliminating the need to print out thick hard copies as it used to do. The standards can then be accessed and checked like an online glossary at any time.

With the number of professionals and teams involved, a database with consolidated information and diagrams that is open to consultation facilitated smooth communication and quick reference. The models and information are stored on collaborative environment so that data can also be used across different projects.

Information and data is categorized systematically which makes for greater ease in search and better access.

Parameters and data range can be set to make the design process easier. The system also has a 3D printing function for producing models. And real life behavior of the surface design – including the effect of light and views from different perspectives – are also accurately simulated.

Results

Many problems were resolved or avoided with CATIA and the resulting cost saving was estimated at RMB 100 million (approximately US$ 16 million), according to Mr. Wang.

Click to TweetClick to Tweet: Problems avoided = estimated cost savings of US$16 million | #IceWorld #CATIA #AEC

Review times were cut by 38 percent and design time was successfully cut down to just two months. Precise and accurate construction plan were produced and the project also successfully met the criteria to qualify as a Green Building.

“I would say that the system’s efficiency is outstanding,” Wang stated.


Related Resources

Facade Design for Fabrication Industry Solution

White Paper: Technological Changes Brought by BIM to Façade Design

Announcing “Civil Design for Fabrication”

Thursday, July 16th, 2015

Civil engineering and infrastructure construction professionals can now engage in more collaborative, productive and accurate design of roads, bridges, tunnels, railways, highways, dams or other major infrastructure.

iStock_000017178591_Full (1)

Civil Design for Fabrication” was developed by Dassault Systèmes in partnership with the Chinese public engineering company Shanghai Municipal Engineering Design Institute (Group) Co. Ltd. (SMEDI) at the two companies’ joint research and development center in Shanghai.

By 2025, the global population will reach 8.1 billion, with rapid urbanization in China, India and Latin America, in particular.  In order to accommodate this surge, an estimated $9 trillion will be spent on building public infrastructure.

(more…)

Spotlight on Desktop Engineering: Helping architects embrace the full, collaborative nature of today’s modeling tools

Thursday, July 9th, 2015

In 1986 it was just becoming apparent how computers could hugely improve engineers’ efficiency in design and analysis.

Geoffrey M. Haines

Geoffrey M. Haines

It was with this realization that Geoffrey M. Haines, BSc(Eng), ACGI, C Eng, MIMechE, FRSA, founded Oxford-based Desktop Engineering Ltd. (DTE), writing engineering software and serving as a reseller for established software houses. Since then, Haines has kept an eye out for ways to improve efficiency across various industries.

Since 1999, DTE has engaged CATIA-based solutions to designers, engineers and building manufacturers.

A few years later, the company began to realize that its customers in the automotive and aerospace industries were light-years ahead of the architecture and construction industry.

(more…)

Water, Water, Leaking Everywhere

Thursday, July 2nd, 2015
water infrastructure

Courtesy: iStock

A quarter or more of the world’s expensively treated drinking water never reaches a faucet as a result of aging, leaky infrastructure.

Around 14% of treated water in the U.S. is lost, with some cities losing as much as 60%. Water leaks cost Europe around €80 billion a year.  Croatia, for example, wastes almost 40% of its water.

(more…)

Realistic Simulation Supports Expansion of the London Underground

Wednesday, June 24th, 2015

 

Dubbed “one of the most complex tunneling projects in the U.K.,” the Bond Street Station Upgrade (BSSU) project is being carried out to satisfy growing traffic demands within London’s busiest shopping district, the West End.

Upon its completion, Bond Street Station’s daily passenger numbers are expected to rise from 155,000 to 225,000.

A project this complex in nature has to consider the existing tunnel infrastructure, as well as the stress and strains imposed by the surrounding soil layers for the development of new tunnels.

 

(more…)

Five Steps to Industrialized Construction

Thursday, June 18th, 2015

 

This post is an excerpt from the paper, “Industrialization of the Construction Industry,” by Dr. Perry Daneshgari and  Dr. Heather Moore of  MCA Inc.

In today’s construction environment the value transferred to the customer for every dollar spent is only around 46 cents.  More than 40% of the tradesmens’ time on a job site is spent on material handling; most of the work on a job site is performed by highly trained and paid skill tradesmen.

Tweet: Over 40% of tradesmen’ time on a #construction job site is spent on material handling @3DSAEC @Dassault3DS #AEC #BIM http://ctt.ec/p2E9U+Click to tweet: “Over 40% of tradesmen’ time
on a #construction job site is spent on material handling”

To achieve comparable results as have been seen in the manufacturing and other industries the construction industry has to take these same five steps:

1. Segregation of Work

The most important contribution of Fredrick Taylor’s work to industrialization of manufacturing was his ability to observe the skilled and unskilled tradesmen at work for a long period of time and being able to breakdown the conducted work. Once the work was broken-down it could then be managed by better management of time, location and contributing resources.

Once the work was visible and understood, it could be designed in the most optimal manner, and segregated amongst the resources available.

Taylor manufacturing resized

“Principles of Scientific Management” by Fredrick Taylor

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Top 5 Challenges for Civil Infrastructure Projects in Emerging Markets

Thursday, June 11th, 2015

The World Economic Forum recently reported that the current annual global infrastructure demand is US $4 trillion, a staggering number. Yet by 2025, that number is expected to jump closer to US $9 trillion, led in part by a global explosion of emerging markets.

Tweet: Annual global infrastructure demand is 4 TRILLION USD, and will more than double by 2025 @3DSAEC @Dassault3DS #AEC #BIM http://ctt.ec/Kvqic+Click to tweet: “Annual global infrastructure demand
is 4 TRILLION USD, and will more than double by 2025″

shutterstock_252973921.002

In China in particular, civil infrastructure projects are booming.

In early 2015, China announced the acceleration of 300 infrastructure projects this year, valued at 7 trillion yuan (US $1.1 trillion), as policy makers seek to shore up growth. China is investing more than 800 billion yuan (US $128 billion) in domestic railway construction alone in 2015, the same as last year’s final target. (Bloomberg)

(more…)

Industrializing Construction: Solutions for Productivity Breakthroughs

Thursday, June 4th, 2015

This post is an excerpt from the paper, “Industrialization of the Construction Industry,” by Dr. Perry Daneshgari and  Dr. Heather Moore of  MCA Inc.

An important study by the National Research Council, Advancing the Competitiveness and Efficiency of the U.S. Construction Industry” identified solutions for breakthrough improvement of productivity.

Five Key Areas for Productivity Improvements in Construction

  1. Widespread deployment and use of interoperable technology applications.
  2. Improved job-site efficiency through a more effective interface of people, processes, materials, equipment, and information.
  3. Greater use of pre-fabrication, pre-assembly, modularization, and off-site fabrication techniques and processes.
  4. Innovative, widespread use of demonstration installations.
  5. Improved performance measurement to drive efficiency and support innovation.

Tweet: Do you know the 5 Key Areas for Productivity Improvements in Construction? @3DSAEC @Dassault3DS #AEC http://ctt.ec/02ELV+Click to tweet: “Do you know the 5 Key Areas for
Productivity Improvements in #Construction?”

These findings are very much in line with what the manufacturing industry had realized after the advent of industrialization. The Industrial revolution, which started in mid 1700, led to an increase in population due to the first time in the human history that production levels were higher than self-consumption of the working man.

Timeline of Industrialization

With higher population also came new markets and customers. The production facilities had to become more productive.

(more…)

Challenges Driving the Industrialization of Construction

Thursday, May 28th, 2015

 

This post is an excerpt from the paper, “Industrialization of the Construction Industry,” by Dr. Perry Daneshgari and  Dr. Heather Moore of  MCA Inc.

Dr. Perry Daneshgari, MCA Inc

 

A monumental and historical study conducted by the National Research Council of the National Academies on behalf of NIST outlined the challenges and obstacles facing the construction industry.

Fragmentation of the Industry

“The sheer number of construction firms (760,000 in 2004) and their size—only 2 percent had 100 or more workers, while 80 percent had 10 or fewer workers—make it difficult to effectively deploy new technologies, best practices, or other innovations across a critical mass of owners, contractors, and subcontractors.

The industry is also segmented into least four distinct sectors—residential, commercial, industrial, and heavy construction.

Tweet: Construction is fragmented: only 2% have 100+ workers while 80% have 10 or fewer. @3DSAEC @Dassault3DS #AEC http://ctt.ec/82dwD+Click to tweet: “Construction is fragmented: only 2%
have 100+ workers while 80% have 10 or fewer.”

(more…)

3DEXPERIENCE Speakers Reveal Accelerated Korea BIM Momentum

Thursday, May 21st, 2015

 

Global adoption of BIM is proceeding with great momentum, and within Asia many are rapidly adopting BIM practices. Korea is one country leading the way with BIM adoption, with dramatic growth year over year.

Dassault Systèmes recently made speeches at two events focused on driving adoption of BIM in Korea. Building on the strong interest in the region, the company delivered these two talks on BIM.

Digital Tools for Sustainable Cities

Ingeborg Rocker, Vice President, GEOVIA 3DEXPERIENCity | Globe, Dassault Systèmes, presented “3DEXPERIENCITY” at buildSMART Forum 2015 Seoul, Korea on April 16.

With a soaring global population, vast numbers of people face living in cities that are decades or centuries old, built for much smaller populations with very different needs.

This puts our environment at risk by wasting resources such as land, water, and energy, and makes cities harder to manage logistically.

A diverse range of disciplines are helping to solve these challenges, aided by a suite of digital tools. These tools allow scientists and city planners to see and explore the futures we are creating and their effects on their inhabitants and the planet as a whole.

Dassault Systèmes’ 3DEXPERIENCity | Geosphere project aims to create holistic, virtual models that enable urban planners to digitally study and test ideas. This will allow them to consider the impact urbanization has both within the invisible boundaries of their city.

(more…)

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