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Alex Carrick, Chief Economist at ConstructConnect
Alex Carrick, Chief Economist at ConstructConnect
Alex Carrick is Chief Economist for ConstructConnect. He is a frequent contributor to the Daily Commercial News and the Journal of Commerce. He has delivered presentations throughout North America on the Canadian, United States and world construction outlooks. A trusted and often-quoted source for … More »

ConstructConnect’s Starts Continue Winning Trend in April

 
May 16th, 2016 by Alex Carrick, Chief Economist at ConstructConnect

Article source: ConstructConnect

ConstructConnect announced today that April’s level of U.S. construction starts, excluding residential work, was $30.1 billion, a further climb of +8.1% month to month on top of March’s leap of +14.0%. Since the usual or long-term average gains in March and April, due to seasonality, are +2.5% and +12.0%, the kick-off to 2016’s spring has been more than kind to the construction sector.

Comparing April of this year with what was an admittedly lackluster same fourth month of last year, the change was an outsized +30.7%. That’s approaching one-third higher. The level of year-to-date starts in 2016 has been +14.5% versus the January to April time frame of 2015.

The starts figures throughout this report are not seasonally adjusted (NSA). Nor are they altered for inflation. They are expressed in what are termed ‘current’ as opposed to ‘constant’ dollars.

‘Non-residential building’ plus ‘engineering/civil’ work accounts for a considerably larger share of total construction than residential activity. The former’s combined proportion of total put-in-place construction in the Census Bureau’s March report was 60%; the latter’s was 40%.

ConstructConnect’s construction starts are leading indicators for the Census Bureau’s capital investment or put-in-place series. Also, the reporting period for starts (i.e., April 2016) is one month ahead of the reporting period for the investment series (i.e., March 2016.)

The Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) says in its latest Employment Situation Summary that construction hiring stalled in April, at only +1,000 jobs, after March’s substantial rise of +41,000. The pace of year-over-year employment in the sector, however, at +4.1%, is still faster than in any other industrial sub-category. ‘Professional and business services’ and ‘education and health’ are tied for second, each at +3.1%. The economy-wide jobs total is +1.9% year over year.

The unemployment rate in construction has now dropped to only 6.0%. That’s quite noteworthy considering that only rarely, in historical records, does it ever fall below 5.0%. A year ago, in April 2015, it was 7.5%. While hard to believe, construction’s unemployment rate deteriorated to an abysmal 27.1% in February 2010, in the aftermath of 2008-2009’s Great Recession.

Before there can be on-site construction activity, projects must be contemplated and planned by owners and rendered into working drawings by design professionals. The total jobs figure in architectural and engineering services has mildly retreated in each of the past two periods, -0.1% month over month in March and -0.2% in April. Year over year, though, it is still better by a respectable +1.9%, the same as for all private sector work. Also interesting to note is the staffing change at retailers selling building materials and supplies, where payrolls have shot up +4.0%.

The month-to-month total starts upturn in April of +8.1% found its leader in the civil/heavy engineering sub-category, which bounded ahead by +46.6%, or nearly half. Institutional work recorded a decently commendable step forward, +6.5%. Meanwhile, commercial starts fell back, -17.5, although not to nearly the degree that was experienced by industrial starts, -64.4%. The usually smaller-volume category of industrial can display wild swings from one month to the next depending on whether or not there has been a go-ahead for a mega project or two.

The +30.7% total starts upsurge in April of this year compared with April of last year arose from improvements in all the major type-of-structure categories, led by engineering (+36.8%), with a big helping hand from commercial (+28.3%) as well. Nor was institutional (+24.0%) far behind. The industrial starts level, while still distantly trailing the others, was up by double (+105.1%).

April’s year-to-date starts increase of +14.5% was also broadly based, with the commercial type-of-structure category (+23.8%) as the frontrunner, followed by institutional (+18.3%) and civil/heavy work (+13.6%). Only industrial (-54.7%) has faltered, down by more than half.

Within commercial, ‘private offices’ and ‘retail/shopping’ are currently the largest sub-components. The former turned in a weak month-to-month performance in April (-69.1% m/m), but was better year-on-year (+14.1% y/y) and buoyant year to date (+49.2% ytd). The latter showed strength according to all three measures: +43.3% m/m; +49.4% y/y; and +17.5% ytd.

Three other important cogs in the commercial category had disappointing m/m results, but considerably better y/y and ytd percent changes to boast about in April. ‘Hotel/motel’ starts were -34.8% m/m, but +17.2% y/y and +39.0% ytd. ‘Government offices’ were -7.7% m/m, but +5.6% y/y and +43.6% ytd. And ‘warehouses’ were -17.7% m/m, but +24.5% y/y and +19.2% ytd.

The ‘school/college’ sub-category has accounted for 60% of total institutional starts so far this year and its percentage changes were uniformly positive in April (+31.7% m/m; +27.4% y/y; and +9.6% ytd). ‘Hospital/clinic’ starts have been a distant second to educational facilities within institutional and they had a rocky m/m (-62.2%), but pretty good y/y (+16.6%) and nothing-to-complain-about ytd (+32.9%, which was a bounce higher by nearly one-third).

The ‘road/highway’ sub-category has dominated heavy engineering in 2016 and its April percentage changes were all solidly on the plus side: +37.4% m/m; +24.8% y/y; and +15.5% ytd. Second-place ‘water/sewage’ work expanded even more rapidly: +119.2% m/m; +72.7% y/y; and +27.3% ytd. ‘Bridges’ struggled a bit: +36.7% y/y and +18.3% ytd; but -18.5% m/m.

Table 2 on page three re-orders and provides more detail on some of the type-of-structure categories in Table 1. The reasons for this ‘second view’ are set out in the footnote.

In the ‘Top 10’ list on page four, New York, Washington state and California stand out for contributing two projects each. There were no individual landmark jobs that matched or exceeded $1 billion.

Most of the slopes in the trend graphs on page 5 of this report are heading upwards.

Wide-spread anecdotal reports of worker shortages in the construction sector, that have led to some pay scale increases, are still not being reflected in the official earnings data from the BLS.

In April, there was a straightforward national benchmark against which to compare all other results. Year-over-year average hourly and weekly wage hikes, both including and excluding supervisory personnel, were the exact same +2.5%. Only with respect to weekly earnings, including bosses, did construction beat that yardstick, with an uptick of +2.8%. In hourly earnings, including bosses, it fell short at +2.3%. Construction’s non-supervisory personnel also lagged at +2.0% for average hourly earnings and +2.3% for average weekly earnings.

The value of construction starts each month is summarized from ConstructConnect’s database of all active construction projects in the U.S. Missing project values are estimated with the help of RSMeans’ building cost models.

ConstructConnect’s non-residential starts series, because it is comprised of total-value estimates for individual projects, some of which are ultra-large, has a history of being more volatile than many other leading indicators for the economy.

A “start” is determined by taking the announced bid date and adding a short time lag (30 to 60 days). ConstructConnect continues to follow the project via its network of researchers. If it is abandoned or re-bid, the start date is updated to reflect the new information.

TABLE 1: VALUE OF UNITED STATES
CONSTRUCTION STARTS – APRIL 2016
YEAR TO DATE
(CONSTRUCTCONNECT)

% Change % Change % Change
Jan-APR 16 Jan-ARP 16 vs apr 16 vs apr 16 vs
($ billions) Jan-apr 15 apr 15 mar 16
Hotel/Motel 4.973 39.0% 17.2% -34.8%
Retail 6.021 17.5% 49.4% 43.3%
Parking Garage 1.371 112.2% 41.0% 37.9%
Amusement 1.975 -14.9% 120.1% 6.5%
Private Office 6.960 49.2% 14.1% -69.1%
Government Office 3.831 43.6% 5.6% -7.7%
Laboratory 0.558 -47.2% -79.3% 13.6%
Warehouse 2.730 19.2% 24.5% -17.7%
Miscellaneous Commercial 4.423 5.6% 146.5% 62.3%
COMMERCIAL 32.842 23.8% 28.3% -17.5%
 
INDUSTRIAL (Manufacturing) 2.446 -54.7% 105.1% -64.4%
Religious 0.469 -4.8% 35.2% 28.6%
Hospital/Clinic 5.226 32.9% 16.6% -62.2%
Nursing/Assisted Living 2.280 31.4% 147.4% 84.0%
Library/Museum 0.667 6.2% -34.1% 36.8%
Police/Courthouse/Prison 1.522 -7.5% -29.5% -24.7%
Military 1.996 266.0% 22.2% -59.2%
School/College 20.340 9.6% 27.4% 31.7%
Miscellaneous Government 1.045 28.8% 8.9% -7.0%
INSTITUTIONAL 33.545 18.3% 24.0% 6.5%
Miscellaneous Non-residential 1.944 58.3% 34.1% 9.1%
NON-RESIDENTIAL BUILDING 70.777 15.0% 26.9% -7.9%
Airport 0.675 35.2% -8.1% -26.7%
Road/Highway 15.644 15.5% 24.8% 37.4%
Bridge 5.185 18.3% 36.7% -18.5%
Dam/Marine 1.040 -50.4% -27.9% 417.6%
Water/Sewage 9.349 27.3% 72.7% 119.2%
Miscellaneous Civil 5.408 9.0% 47.1% 33.6%
HEAVY ENGINEERING 37.300 13.6% 36.8% 46.6%
TOTAL NON-RESIDENTIAL 108.076 14.5% 30.7% 8.1%

Source: ConstructConnect Research Group and ConstructConnect.
Table: ConstructConnect.

TABLE 2: VALUE OF UNITED STATES
CONSTRUCTION STARTS
CONSTRUCTCONNECT INSIGHT VERSION
– APRIL 2016
Arranged to match the alphabetical category drop-down menus in INSIGHT

% Change % Change % Change
Jan-Apr 16 Jan-Apr 16 vs Apr 16 vs Apr 16 vs
($ billions) Jan-Apr 15 Apr 15 Apr 16
Summary
CIVIL 37.300 13.6% 36.8% 46.6%
NON-RESIDENTIAL BUILDING 70.777 15.0% 26.9% -7.9%
RESIDENTIAL 77.535 16.2% 1.8% 1.2%
GRAND TOTAL 185.611 15.2% 16.9% 5.1%
Verticals
Airport 0.675 35.2% -8.1% -26.7%
All Other Civil 5.117 8.9% 51.9% 40.5%
Bridges 5.185 18.3% 36.7% -18.5%
Dams / Canals / Marine Work 1.040 -50.4% -27.9% 417.6%
Power Infrastructure 0.291 11.2% -31.9% -51.8%
Roads 15.644 15.5% 24.8% 37.4%
Water and Sewage Treatment 9.349 27.3% 72.7% 119.2%
CIVIL 37.300 13.6% 36.8% 46.6%
Offices (private) 6.960 49.2% 14.1% -69.1%
Parking Garages 1.371 112.2% 41.0% 37.9%
Transportation Terminals 2.252 29.1% 78.8% 67.0%
Commercial (small subset) 10.583 50.0% 37.1% -47.7%
Amusement 1.975 -14.9% 120.1% 6.5%
Libraries / Museums 0.667 6.2% -34.1% 36.8%
Religious 0.469 -4.8% 35.2% 28.6%
Sports Arenas / Convention Centers 2.171 -11.2% 392.6% 56.5%
Community 5.282 -10.3% 87.6% 28.1%
College / University 6.636 2.6% 61.9% 15.0%
Elementary / Pre School 6.900 17.0% 9.9% 23.7%
Jr / Sr High School 6.363 10.2% 24.8% 79.1%
Special / Vocational 0.441 3.6% -6.8% -49.4%
Educational 20.340 9.6% 27.4% 31.7%
Courthouses 0.330 -33.7% -55.3% -60.8%
Fire and Police Stations 0.649 53.3% 69.5% 29.0%
Government Offices 3.831 43.6% 5.6% -7.7%
Prisons 0.543 -25.0% -50.4% -30.5%
Government 5.353 24.1% -7.9% -13.5%
Industrial Labs / Labs / School Labs 0.558 -47.2% -79.3% 13.6%
Manufacturing 2.446 -54.7% 105.1% -64.4%
Warehouses 2.730 19.2% 24.5% -17.7%
Industrial 5.734 -34.5% -18.1% -38.7%
Hospitals / Clinics 5.226 32.9% 16.6% -62.2%
Medical Misc. 1.045 28.8% 8.9% -7.0%
Nursing Homes 2.280 31.4% 147.4% 84.0%
Medical 8.552 32.0% 53.5% -30.0%
Military 1.996 266.0% 22.2% -59.2%
Hotels 4.973 39.0% 17.2% -34.8%
Retail Misc. 1.944 58.3% 34.1% 9.1%
Shopping 6.021 17.5% 49.4% 43.3%
Retail 12.939 30.3% 35.6% 1.2%
NON-RESIDENTIAL BUILDING 70.777 15.0% 26.9% -7.9%
Multi-Family 16.234 5.3% -4.0% -20.9%
Single-Family 61.301 19.5% 3.2% 8.0%
RESIDENTIAL 77.535 16.2% 1.8% 1.2%
NON-RESIDENTIAL 108.076 14.5% 30.7% 8.1%
GRAND TOTAL 185.611 15.2% 16.9% 5.1%

Table 1 conforms to the type-of-structure ordering adopted by many firms and organizations in the industry. Specifically, it breaks non-residential building into ICI work (i.e., industrial, commercial and institutional), since each has its own set of economic and demographic drivers. Table 2 presents an alternative, perhaps more user-friendly and intuitive type-of-structure ordering that matches how the data appears in ConstructConnect’s on-line product ‘Insight’.

Source: ConstructConnect.
Table: ConstructConnect.

TABLE 3: VALUE OF UNITED STATES
NATIONAL
CONSTRUCTION STARTS – APRIL 2016 – CONSTRUCTCONNECT

LATEST MONTH
ACTUALS
MOVING AVERAGES
(PLACED IN END
MONTH)
YEAR TO
DATE.
3-MONTHS 12-MONTHS APR APR
FEB
16
MAR 16 APR
16
FEB
16
MAR
16
APR
16
FEB
16
MAR 16 APR
16
2015 2016
Single Family 14.855 16.177 17.479 13.386 14.607 16.171 14.979 15.240 15.285 51.309 61.301
   month-over-
month % change
16.2% 8.9% 8.0% 2.4% 9.1% 10.7% 2.8% 1.7% 0.3%
   year-over-
year %
change
48.2% 24.1% 3.2% 22.4% 27.5% 21.3% 16.9% 19.0% 17.2% 11.4% 19.5%
Apart-
ment
3.824 5.016 3.968 4.073 4.089 4.269 4.064 4.205 4.191 15.416 16.234
   month-over-month % change 11.6% 31.2% -20.9% -4.2% 0.4% 4.4% 0.4% 3.5% -0.3%
   year-over-
year % change
4.8% 50.8% -4.0% 6.4% 8.7% 15.3% 3.3% 10.5% 7.6% -21.1% 5.3%
TOTAL RE-SIDEN-
TIAL
18.680 21.193 21.447 17.459 18.696 20.440 19.042 19.445 19.476 66.725 77.535
   month-over-month % change 15.2% 13.5% 1.2% 0.8% 7.1% 9.3% 2.2% 2.1% 0.2%
   year-over-
year % change
36.6% 29.5% 1.8% 18.3% 22.9% 20.0% 13.7% 17.1% 15.0% 1.7% 16.2%
Hotel/
Motel
0.738 1.609 1.049 1.026 1.308 1.132 0.930 0.949 0.961 3.578 4.973
   month-over-month % change -53.2% 117.9% -34.8% -11.2% 27.6% -13.5% 1.2% 2.0% 1.3%
   year-over-
year % change
22.6% 16.2% 17.2% 61.1% 46.3% 17.8% 23.5% 21.7% 20.7% 27.4% 39.0%
Retail 1.291 1.291 1.850 1.384 1.391 1.477 1.751 1.716 1.767 5.123 6.021
   month-over-month % change -18.8% 0.0% 43.3% -6.9% 0.5% 6.2% 0.2% -2.0% 3.0%
   year-over-
year % change
4.1% -24.9% 49.4% 25.5% 7.4% 5.6% 14.1% 10.5% 15.5% -3.8% 17.5%
Parking Garages 0.995 0.120 0.165 0.395 0.402 0.427 0.252 0.245 0.249 0.646 1.371
   month-over-month % change 995.0% -88.0% 37.9% 228.2% 1.8% 6.2% 42.0% -2.6% 1.6%
   year-over-
year % change
877.7% -39.3% 41.0% 97.8% 128.0% 207.4% 35.0% 29.8% 35.6% 43.8% 112.2%
Amuse-
ment
0.495 0.545 0.581 0.437 0.465 0.540 0.505 0.457 0.483 2.322 1.975
   month-over-month % change 39.9% 10.1% 6.5% 1.3% 6.4% 16.3% -1.2% -9.6% 5.8%
   year-over-
year % change
-12.6% -51.6% 120.1% -1.2% -32.2% -17.1% -23.0% -36.3% -27.5% 14.7% -14.9%
Office 1.816 2.905 0.897 1.521 2.021 1.873 1.122 1.254 1.264 4.663 6.960
   month-over-month % change 35.3% 60.0% -69.1% 30.6% 32.9% -7.3% 5.9% 11.8% 0.7%
   year-over-
year % change
69.7% 120.1% 14.1% 15.4% 56.4% 76.9% -14.1% -7.2% -2.4% -30.6% 49.2%
Govern-
mental Offices
0.671 1.133 1.045 0.745 0.929 0.950 0.867 0.912 0.917 2.667 3.831
   month-over-month % change -31.7% 68.8% -7.7% 3.6% 24.7% 2.3% 1.5% 5.2% 0.5%
   year-over-
year % change
30.8% 91.7% 5.6% 17.0% 66.1% 36.1% -3.9% 8.8% 8.3% -27.8% 43.6%
Labora-tories 0.178 0.119 0.135 0.144 0.141 0.144 0.204 0.192 0.149 1.057 0.558
   month-over-month % change 41.6% -33.4% 13.6% 16.2% -2.3% 2.1% 2.8% -6.1% -22.4%
   year-over-
year % change
58.4% -55.7% -79.3% 65.1% 4.1% -58.1% 12.8% -2.2% -39.3% 116.7% -47.2%
Ware-
house
0.734 0.762 0.627 0.730 0.701 0.708 0.946 0.956 0.966 2.291 2.730
   month-over-month % change 21.0% 3.7% -17.7% -32.1% -3.9% 0.9% 1.9% 1.0% 1.1%
   year-over-
year % change
39.5% 17.4% 24.5% 36.5% 17.7% 26.4% 46.6% 49.7% 48.9% 20.8% 19.2%
Misc Com-mer-
cial
1.508 0.819 1.329 1.352 1.031 1.218 1.126 1.137 1.202 4.188 4.423
   month-over-month % change 96.4% -45.7% 62.3% 24.4% -23.7% 18.1% -1.8% 1.0% 5.8%
   year-over-
year % change
-13.9% 19.1% 146.5% -20.8% -15.2% 22.8% -7.2% 3.3% 7.9% 36.6% 5.6%
TOTAL COM-MER-
CIAL
8.427 9.302 7.678 7.733 8.388 8.469 7.704 7.817 7.958 26.534 32.842
   month-over-month % change 13.3% 10.4% -17.5% 5.0% 8.5% 1.0% 2.1% 1.5% 1.8%
   year-over-
year % change
30.0% 17.1% 28.3% 16.0% 22.4% 24.5% 4.4% 6.1% 8.6% 0.3% 23.8%
TOTAL IN-DUST-
RIAL  (Manu-
factur-
ing)
0.816 0.860 0.306 0.729 0.713 0.661 1.066 0.741 0.754 5.404 2.446
   month-over-month % change 75.9% 5.3% -64.4% 40.8% -2.2% -7.4% 6.1% -30.5% 1.8%
   year-over-
year % change
930.0% -81.9% 105.1% 185.0% -59.3% -60.2% 39.4% -27.9% -26.8% 102.8% -54.7%
Re-
ligious
0.107 0.091 0.117 0.131 0.117 0.105 0.131 0.129 0.131 0.493 0.469
   month-over-month % change -30.6% -14.5% 28.6% 2.1% -10.2% -10.3% -0.2% -1.9% 2.0%
   year-over-
year % change
-2.9% -24.2% 35.2% -2.3% -13.4% -0.5% 4.3% 1.8% 4.8% 11.3% -4.8%
Hos-
ptials/
Clinics
1.428 1.730 0.655 1.303 1.524 1.271 1.077 1.144 1.152 3.933 5.226
   month-over-month % change 1.0% 21.2% -62.2% -8.0% 17.0% -16.6% 4.1% 6.3% 0.7%
   year-over-
year % change
55.9% 87.7% 16.6% 1.1% 35.6% 58.9% -7.8% 2.6% 7.7% -25.0% 32.9%
Nurs-ing/
Assist-
ed Living
0.626 0.437 0.804 0.488 0.492 0.622 0.418 0.428 0.468 1.735 2.280
   month-over-month % change 51.1% -30.2% 84.0% 13.7% 0.9% 26.4% 3.5% 2.4% 9.3%
   year-over-
year % change
36.6% 37.8% 147.4% -0.8% 4.7% 69.7% 10.0% 12.2% 21.0% 39.5% 31.4%
Lib-
raries/
Mu-
seums
0.106 0.156 0.214 0.146 0.151 0.159 0.202 0.204 0.195 0.628 0.667
   month-over-month % change -44.6% 48.2% 36.8% -12.2% 3.4% 5.1% 0.5% 1.2% -4.5%
   year-over-
year % change
14.0% 22.0% -34.1% 12.2% 49.4% -12.7% 15.2% 16.7% 2.2% 4.1% 6.2%
Police/
Court-house/
Prison
0.284 0.580 0.437 0.282 0.362 0.434 0.467 0.493 0.478 1.645 1.522
   month-over-
month % change
28.7% 104.2% -24.7% -27.4% 28.1% 19.9% -3.4% 5.5% -3.1%
   year-over-
year % change
-41.2% 113.4% -29.5% -34.1% 5.9% -5.3% 28.1% 41.2% 24.5% 54.1% -7.5%
Military 0.840 0.489 0.199 0.553 0.599 0.510 0.579 0.607 0.610 0.545 1.996
   month-over-month % change 79.8% -41.8% -59.2% 9.2% 8.3% -14.9% 12.8% 4.7% 0.5%
   year-over-
year % change
1579.1% 205.8% 22.2% 355.5% 370.0% 309.7% -29.5% -23.8% -21.7% -72.6% 266.0%
Schools/
Colleges
3.832 5.251 6.916 3.949 4.475 5.333 4.746 4.783 4.907 18.563 20.340
   month-over-month % change -11.7% 37.0% 31.7% -2.2% 13.3% 19.2% -0.6% 0.8% 2.6%
   year-over-
year % change
-7.8% 9.1% 27.4% -5.9% 2.2% 11.1% -2.5% -3.5% -0.3% 18.8% 9.6%
Misc Govern-
ment
0.241 0.258 0.240 0.310 0.268 0.247 0.249 0.261 0.262 0.811 1.045
   month-over-month % change -21.1% 7.1% -7.0% 12.7% -13.3% -8.1% 0.8% 4.7% 0.6%
   year-over-
year % change
11.0% 118.5% 8.9% 48.5% 36.3% 33.0% 19.3% 37.5% 40.6% -26.2% 28.8%
TOTAL INSTI-
TU-TION-
AL
7.464 8.993 9.582 7.161 7.988 8.680 7.870 8.049 8.203 28.353 33.545
   month-
over-
month % change
-0.6% 20.5% 6.5% -2.5% 11.5% 8.7% 1.0% 2.3% 1.9%
   year-over-
year % change
15.1% 31.3% 24.0% 2.3% 16.2% 23.6% -3.0% -0.5% 2.0% 3.8% 18.3%
Misc Non Re-siden-
tial
0.550 0.458 0.500 0.472 0.481 0.503 0.421 0.433 0.444 1.228 1.944
   month-
over-
month % change
26.2% -16.6% 9.1% 11.5% 2.0% 4.5% 6.9% 2.7% 2.4%
   year-over-
year % change
148.2% 43.1% 34.1% 67.2% 68.9% 64.9% 26.9% 31.0% 32.2% 6.6% 58.3%
TOTAL NON-
RES BUILD-ING
17.256 19.613 18.066 16.095 17.570 18.312 17.061 17.040 17.359 61.519 70.777
   month-over-month % change 8.9% 13.7% -7.9% 2.8% 9.2% 4.2% 2.0% -0.1% 1.9%
   year-over-
year % change
30.1% -1.3% 26.9% 13.3% 11.5% 16.0% 2.8% 1.3% 3.7% 6.8% 15.0%
Airports 0.450 0.114 0.084 0.177 0.197 0.216 0.289 0.279 0.278 0.499 0.675
   month-over-month % change 1558.8% -74.7% -26.7% 60.5% 11.1% 9.5% 11.6% -3.7% -0.2%
   year-over-
year % change
411.6% -52.9% -8.1% 157.8% 44.8% 53.9% -52.0% -54.8% -54.3% 9.6% 35.2%
Roads/
High-ways
2.861 3.393 4.663 3.647 3.660 3.639 4.372 4.379 4.456 13.550 15.644
   month-over-month % change -39.5% 18.6% 37.4% -6.9% 0.4% -0.6% -0.4% 0.1% 1.8%
   year-over-
year % change
-6.1% 2.3% 24.8% 9.4% 11.9% 8.1% 9.7% 8.3% 10.8% 7.9% 15.5%
Bridges 0.847 1.589 1.296 1.223 1.296 1.244 1.048 1.094 1.123 4.383 5.185
   month-over-month % change -41.7% 87.6% -18.5% -11.3% 6.0% -4.0% -4.6% 4.4% 2.6%
   year-over-
year % change
-42.0% 53.3% 36.7% 3.2% 13.2% 8.4% 10.4% 12.8% 16.3% 4.5% 18.3%
Dams/
Marine
0.288 0.089 0.460 0.276 0.193 0.279 0.436 0.418 0.403 2.097 1.040
   month-over-month % change 41.3% -69.1% 417.6% -21.1% -30.0% 44.1% -5.8% -4.2% -3.5%
   year-over-
year % change
-52.9% -71.1% -27.9% -50.8% -60.3% -46.3% -8.5% -11.7% -20.7% 94.5% -50.4%
Water/
Sewage
1.629 1.733 3.800 1.977 1.850 2.387 2.423 2.425 2.558 7.342 9.349
   month-over-month % change -25.5% 6.4% 119.2% -8.4% -6.5% 29.1% 0.4% 0.1% 5.5%
   year-over-
year % change
7.3% 1.1% 72.7% 1.5% 7.9% 31.8% 11.7% 12.3% 17.2% 6.2% 27.3%
Misc
Civil
1.054 1.266 1.692 1.350 1.239 1.337 1.677 1.668 1.713 4.961 5.408
   month-over-month % change -24.5% 20.1% 33.6% -6.9% -8.2% 8.0% 0.4% -0.5% 2.7%
   year-over-
year % change
7.6% -7.9% 47.1% 1.5% -2.5% 14.5% 9.6% 15.7% 19.4% -15.4% 9.0%
TOTAL ENGI-
NEER-ING
7.129 8.184 11.994 8.651 8.435 9.102 10.246 10.262 10.531 32.833 37.300
   month-over-month % change -28.7% 14.8% 46.6% -7.6% -2.5% 7.9% -0.5% 0.2% 2.6%
   year-over-
year % change
-7.5% 2.4% 36.8% 2.7% 5.1% 11.6% 5.5% 5.8% 8.3% 5.7% 13.6%
Grand
Total
43.064 48.991 51.507 42.205 44.701 47.854 46.349 46.747 47.367 161.078 185.611
   month-over-month % change 2.4% 13.8% 5.1% -0.3% 5.9% 7.1% 1.5% 0.9% 1.3%
   year-over-
year % change
24.3% 10.8% 16.9% 12.9% 14.6% 16.8% 7.7% 8.4% 9.2% 4.4% 15.2%
NON-
RES BLDG + ENGI-
NEER-ING
24.385 27.798 30.060 24.745 26.005 27.414 27.307 27.302 27.891 94.352 108.076
   month-
over
-month % change
-5.6% 14.0% 8.1% -1.1% 5.1% 5.4% 1.1% 0.0% 2.2%
   year-over-
year % change
16.3% -0.2% 30.7% 9.4% 9.3% 14.5% 3.8% 3.0% 5.4% 6.4% 14.5%

Data Source and Table: ConstructConnect.

TABLE 4: U.S. YEAR-TO-DATE REGIONAL STARTS
NON-RESIDENTIAL CONSTRUCTION
* — CONSTRUCTCONNECT

JAN-APR 2015 JAN-APR 2016 % CHANGE
Connecticut $1,324,566,392 $1,175,691,186 -11.2%
Maine $206,913,159 $264,292,850 27.7%
Massachusetts $2,361,324,298 $2,686,534,841 13.8%
New Hampshire $347,339,986 $357,415,394 2.9%
Rhode Island $223,669,012 $117,738,206 -47.4%
Vermont $176,480,627 $104,163,421 -41.0%
Total New England $4,640,293,474 $4,705,835,898 1.4%
New Jersey $2,137,213,584 $1,851,057,129 -13.4%
New York $7,068,951,719 $5,101,223,977 -27.8%
Pennsylvania $2,480,423,337 $3,932,109,622 58.5%
Total Middle Atlantic $11,686,588,640 $10,884,390,728 -6.9%
TOTAL NORTHEAST $16,326,882,114 $15,590,226,626 -4.5%
Illinois $4,452,370,308 $3,431,095,261 -22.9%
Indiana $1,061,605,265 $1,609,924,462 51.7%
Michigan $2,692,874,211 $2,509,340,330 -6.8%
Ohio $2,401,284,506 $3,135,505,123 30.6%
Wisconsin $1,586,958,300 $1,924,266,491 21.3%
Total East North Central $12,195,092,590 $12,610,131,667 3.4%
Iowa $1,187,029,543 $1,424,941,970 20.0%
Kansas $1,436,342,182 $1,071,697,530 -25.4%
Minnesota $1,449,575,246 $1,914,083,227 32.0%
Missouri $1,966,603,357 $1,856,769,365 -5.6%
Nebraska $658,076,807 $1,008,411,988 53.2%
North Dakota $743,758,998 $634,595,315 -14.7%
South Dakota $982,279,787 $527,580,318 -46.3%
Total West North Central $8,423,665,920 $8,438,079,713 0.2%
TOTAL MIDWEST $20,618,758,510 $21,048,211,380 2.1%
Delaware $99,836,808 $300,477,378 201.0%
District of Columbia $371,980,046 $1,100,521,679 195.9%
Florida $5,401,600,213 $5,756,259,220 6.6%
Georgia $2,058,537,432 $3,722,210,491 80.8%
Maryland $1,302,267,588 $3,516,012,702 170.0%
North Carolina $2,924,080,004 $2,644,772,916 -9.6%
South Carolina $1,281,191,544 $2,137,776,221 66.9%
Virginia $2,333,200,286 $2,772,290,378 18.8%
West Virginia $475,978,898 $227,496,109 -52.2%
Total South Atlantic $16,248,672,819 $22,177,817,094 36.5%
Alabama $1,146,178,061 $1,714,996,158 49.6%
Kentucky $1,309,292,302 $1,889,797,450 44.3%
Mississippi $1,028,679,427 $873,262,242 -15.1%
Tennessee $2,298,636,548 $2,140,808,494 -6.9%
Total East South Central $5,782,786,338 $6,618,864,344 14.5%
Arkansas $797,079,024 $933,652,640 17.1%
Louisiana $5,188,801,975 $1,031,300,900 -80.1%
Oklahoma $1,417,831,504 $1,662,300,826 17.2%
Texas $9,996,712,735 $14,548,273,162 45.5%
Total West South Central $17,400,425,238 $18,175,527,528 4.5%
TOTAL SOUTH $39,431,884,395 $46,972,208,966 19.1%
Arizona $911,414,104 $1,205,263,800 32.2%
Colorado $1,146,501,309 $1,895,932,300 65.4%
Idaho $423,818,015 $284,681,184 -32.8%
Montana $346,722,524 $226,613,083 -34.6%
Nevada $419,479,321 $1,567,812,314 273.8%
New Mexico $505,223,133 $580,903,920 15.0%
Utah $1,105,494,030 $1,768,364,120 60.0%
Wyoming $412,537,056 $281,413,816 -31.8%
Total Mountain $5,271,189,492 $7,810,984,537 48.2%
Alaska $370,810,536 $621,001,156 67.5%
California $9,168,541,602 $9,726,543,727 6.1%
Hawaii $489,020,689 $1,372,972,280 180.8%
Oregon $999,650,153 $1,964,043,446 96.5%
Washington $1,675,529,632 $2,970,170,106 77.3%
Total Pacific $12,703,552,612 $16,654,730,715 31.1%
TOTAL WEST $17,974,742,104 $24,465,715,252 36.1%
TOTAL U.S. $94,352,267,123 $108,076,362,224 14.5%

*Figures above are comprised of non-res building and engineering (i.e., residential is omitted).

Data Source and Table: ConstructConnect.

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