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Sumit Singhal
Sumit Singhal
Sumit Singhal loves modern architecture. He comes from a family of builders who have built more than 20 projects in the last ten years near Delhi in India. He has recently started writing about the architectural projects that catch his imagination.

Panyaden School in Chiang Mai, Thailand by 24H architecture

June 28th, 2011 by Sumit Singhal

Article source: 24H architecture

In the lush green surroundings of a former fruit orchard, where Thailand’s highest mountains meet the flat rice fields, Panyaden School contracted 24H to design its environmentally friendly school buildings.

Image Courtesy of Ally Taylor / Panyaden School

  • Architect: 24H architecture
  • Name of Project: Panyaden School
  • Location: Chiang Mai, Thailand
  • Design: Maartje Lammers and Boris Zeisser with Olav Bruin and Andrew Duff
  • Local design team: Chiangmai Life Construction – Markus Roselieb and Decha Tiengkate
  • Client: Mrs. Yodphet Sudsawad
  • Project leader & management: Chiangmai Life Construction – Markus Roselieb & Decha Tiengkate
  • Program: Kindergarten and Grade school
  • Floor area: 5000 m2
  • Software used: Scale models to design the buildings in combination with 2D autocad drawings. The 3d overview images was made with Rhino and Photoshop.

Exterior View (Image Courtesy of Ally Taylor / Panyaden School)


  • Design: 2010
  • Construction: May 2010- April 2011
  • Completion: April 2011

Persons and companies involved in the project

  • Local architect & structural engineer: Rajanakarn Design & Construction Co,.Ltd.
  • Rammed Earth Floor Advisor: Martin Rauch
  • Interior Design: Yodphet Sudsawad & Markus Roselieb
  • Sitescaping & Landscaping: Markus Roselieb & Fon
  • Playground Design: Ryan Parkes & Markus Roselieb
  • Waste Water Consultants: Utility Business Alliances


  • Photographs: Ally Taylor / Panyaden School
  • Visuals and drawings: 24H architecture

Bird Eye View (Image Courtesy of Ally Taylor / Panyaden School)

Located south of the city of Chiang Mai, this 5,000 m2 primary school consists of an informal arrangement of pavilions (salas), organized along pathways inspired by the shape of the tropical antler horn fern.

Interior View (Image Courtesy of Ally Taylor / Panyaden School)

This original design has since evolved organically to its final form which is still in keeping with its original purpose of creating buildings from earth’s elements and shapes that are an ode to nature’s beauty.

Image Courtesy of Ally Taylor / Panyaden School

There are two main types of buildings:

  • The classroom pavilion type has load-bearing walls from rammed earth, dividing the building into 3 classrooms. The outer walls are made of adobe. Glass windowsn framed by recycled local hardwood, glass bottles and washing machine windows bring natural light into the classrooms. Cupboards and shelves are all integrated in an adobe wall curving around the sanitary block. The curved contours of the bamboo roof structure mirror the mountains at the horizon of the site.
  • The sala pavilion type is used for common functions such as the assembly hall and the canteen. Columns consist of bamboo bundles reaching up to the bamboo canopy from their stone foundations, giving a feeling of walking through a majestic bamboo forest.

Concept (Image Courtesy of 24H Architecture)

Other salas designed and created by the local team (playground, around the swimming pool, Buddha sala etc) resemble birds or leaves – elements found in nature and in daily Thai life (such as the paper umbrellas made in Chiang Mai). The entire school has been built from local earth and local bamboo that has been naturally treated to withstand the elements. Organic vegetables and rice will be grown on school property. Environmentally friendly waste water treatment and food waste recycling producing organic fertilizers and biogas for cooking, round up the picture of an environmentally friendly school with a negligible carbon footprint.

Overview - Artist Impression (Image Courtesy of 24H Architecture)

Panyaden is a private bilingual school with a Buddhist approach that will accommodate 375 students including 10- 20 percent of local Thai kids funded by scholarships.

Exterior View (Image Courtesy of Ally Taylor / Panyaden School)

The students will be the ambassadors to introduce green living into the lives of their communities. In addition to the Thai and native English speaking teachers, they will be supervised by experts in various arts, creativity as well as traditional wisdom such as local agricultural methods, specialists in tropical forest plants, cloth weaving and northern cuisine etc.


Situation (Courtesy of 24H architecture)

Panyaden School aims to deliver a holistic education that integrates Buddhist principles and green awareness with the highly regarded, International Primary Curriculum.


Assembly Hall (Courtesy of 24H architecture)

Canteen and Kitchen (Courtesy of 24H architecture)

Grade School (Courtesy of 24H architecture)

Kindergarten (Courtesy of 24H architecture)

Parents Sala (Courtesy of 24H architecture)

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Categories: Autocad, Educational Center, Photoshop, Rhino, School

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