Sumit Singhal loves modern architecture. He comes from a family of builders who have built more than 20 projects in the last ten years near Delhi in India. He has recently started writing about the architectural projects that catch his imagination.
New Danish state prison in Gundslev, Falster by C. F. Møller Architects
August 25th, 2011 by Sumit Singhal
Article source: C. F. Møller Architects
NEW, CLOSED STATE PRISON IN FALSTER
The prison is uniquely designed as a small village and integrates several landscape features, among other things animal husbandry, within the perimeter wall.
C. F. Møller Architects has won the competition to build a new, closed state prison on the island of Falster. The new state prison for approximately 250 inmates is designed as a low, urban structure, centred round the various leisure and working facilities, which are connected via several streets and a central square.
The design creates an urban environment, interacting with the landscape on both sides of the six-metre tall perimeter wall. For this compact, urban structure means that there is also left space for natural and cultivated areas, areas for animal husbandry and for the integration of sports facilities in the landscape within the perimeter.
Mads Mandrup, who is architect and partner in C. F. Møller and responsible for this project, states:
Varied and stimulating environment
“The inmates spend all their waken hours in the prison environment, and the architecture within the prison walls is therefore an extremely important part of their lives and experiential universe. That is why we have deliberately created a very varied and stimulating environment of different spaces and landscape features – hopefully this will contribute to the resocialization of the individual and to create renewed confidence in the community and mutual respect for society as a whole.”
In the centre are an administration building, an occupation building and a cultural centre with library, religious worship room, sports facilities and a shop. Radiating outwards from here are the prison blocks – four ordinary block wings and one high security block wing.
Each individual building in the total complex has its own identity. Overall, the complex is in a warm, grey shade of brick. Variation is provided by, amongst other things, the occupation building, which is crystal-shaped and faced with perforated metal plates in green shades, and the cultural centre, which is round, covered with glass and ringed by green slats.
Dynamic, star-shaped perimeter
With its corners and variations, the six-metre tall, star-shaped perimeter wall creates a dynamic sequence which gives a less restrictive appearance by providing a sense of dialogue with the outside world.
C. F. Møller Architects has won the competition in collaboration with the engineering company Rambøll Denmark and in close dialogue with Marianne Levinsen Landscape, furthermore the design company aggebo&henriksen and the working environment consultants company CRECEA have contributed.
Eight teams participated
Eight teams were prequalified for the competition.
The other architectural companies participating were Arkitema, schmidt hammer lassen, Lundgaard & Tranberg, Erik Møller Arkitekter, PLH Arkitekter, a team of both Kjær & Richter and aart and a team of Henning Larsen Architects and Friis & Moltke, The jury consisted of a number of expert judges, representatives of the Muncipality of Guldborgsund, representatives of the Danish Institute for Human Rights, the Danish Palaces and Properties Agency, and the Danish Prison and Probation Service.
The new state prison on Falster is part of a long term plan to replace the old and outdated buildings of the Danish Prison and Probation Service. The plan is to close the state prison in Vridsløselille, dating back to 1859, when the new state prison is in use around the turn of 2015/2016.
The winning proposal will be exhibited in the library of Nørre Alslev, Falster, in December. In 2011, all the competition proposals will be exhibited at Akademisk Arkitektforening, Copenhagen.
SHORT ARCHITECTURAL DESCRIPTION
The inspiration for the star-shaped form of the new prison, which will house approximately 250 inmates, was drawn from its location in a rural area of small villages. The shape is reminiscent of that of the surrounding villages, and the complex is also intended to provide a small, condensed urban environment with the kind of varied spatial experiences, functional density and clarity of layout that such an environment offers.
In the centre are an administration building, occupation building and cultural centre with library, religious worship room, sports facilities and a shop. Radiating outwards from here are the wings – four ordinary wings and one high security wing – in a star shape, which ensures that all wings have a view of the landscape within the walls, but none have visual contact with each other. A plaza area and a sequence of streets bind the complex together.
Each individual building in the total complex has its own identity. The prison constitutes the whole world for the inmate, and the various building expressions thus comprise an important part of the prisoner’s experiential universe. Overall, the complex is in a warm, grey shade of brick. Variation is provided by, amongst other things, the occupation building, which is crystal-shaped and clad with perforated metal plates in green shades, and the cultural centre, which is round, covered with glass and ringed by green slats.
The compact, urban structure means that there is also left space for natural and cultivated areas, areas for animal husbandry and for the integration of sports facilities in the landscape within the perimeter wall. With its corners and variations, the six-metre tall, star-shaped perimeter wall creates a dynamic sequence which gives a less restrictive appearance by providing a sense of dialogue with the outside world.
C. F. MØLLER ARCHITECTS
C. F. Møller Architects is one of Scandinavia’s oldest and largest architectural practices. Our work involves a wide range of expertise that covers programme analysis, town planning, master planning, all architectural services including landscape architecture, as well as the development and design of building components.
Simplicity, clarity and unpretentiousness, the ideals that have guided our work since the practice was established in 1924, are continually re-interpreted to suit individual projects, always site-specific and based on international trends and regional characteristics.
Over the years, we have won a large number of national and international competitions and awards. Our work has been exhibited locally as well as internationally at places like RIBA in London, the Venice Biennale, the Danish Architecture Centre and the Danish Cultural Institute in Beijing.
A COMMON ARCHITECTURAL GOAL | C. F. Møller Architects was founded by the now deceased Prof. C. F. Møller. Today the firm is a limited company, owned by nine partners: Tom Danielsen, Klavs Hyttel, Anna Maria Indrio, Lars Kirkegaard, Mads Mandrup, Mads Møller, Klaus Toustrup, Julian Weyer and Lone Wiggers. The partnership undertakes the day-to-day management and comprises the company’s board of directors.
C. F. Møller Architects has a long tradition for internal and external cooperation where all parties to a project work towards a common architectural goal. Innovation and creativity are key words in our dayto-day work, and we try to make the drawing studio an attractive workplace, in which individual members of staff will find professional challenges through projects of high quality.
Our head office is in Aarhus and we have branches in Copenhagen, Aalborg, Oslo, Stockholm and London, as well as a limited company in Iceland.
Contact C. F. Møller Architects