Sumit Singhal loves modern architecture. He comes from a family of builders who have built more than 20 projects in the last ten years near Delhi in India. He has recently started writing about the architectural projects that catch his imagination.
Building for Multifunctional center in Yecla, Spain by Bordallo y Carrasco Arquitectos
September 25th, 2011 by Sumit Singhal
Article source: Bordallo y Carrasco Arquitectos
From the understanding of the location as a big natural park surrounded by the city of Yecla, it derives an intervention strategy with a main aim: To achieve the introduction of the activity with no impact, building a new symbiotic relationship where the man inhabits the forest without violence and the landscape obtains usability. After visiting the location we stated that the best option is an intervention without transforming the forest, keeping a responsible intervention strategy, respecting the forest and avoiding big felling or earthworks which may break the continuity of the vegetation cover and natural cycles.
Long wooden carpets build a network of paths with a tree design crossing the park and inserting the urban activity into it. It is made up of a root which constitutes the multifunctional building, a trunk which constitutes the main path, some thematic branches as secondary paths and some activity nodes by way of relaxation and leisure areas containing street furniture with a natural design to enable different usages (sports, games, relaxation, bio-health fitness …)
Pine wood is used with a double purpose: 1 Representative: The main industry of the city (Yecla is the oldest furniture fair of Spain). Conceptually is the manufacture of the pine which makes up the pine wood of the Park. The project is carried out using different pine by-product as strips, planks, logs, square timbers, bark, chips, wood wool… 2 Tectonic: The construction with wood let us intervene in the Park without transforming it. The intervention impact is reduced and the implementation footprint is minized, being mostly developed on already existing paths.
A soft and winding circuit covers the Park’s perimeter allowing sports applications and to celebrate the Cross de Yecla, unique event of this town. It is designed to enable the race’s television coverage with a lower number of cameras, moderate slopes and low impact. We propose the replacement of pines, keeping its original number, and colourful plantings of indigenous and aromatic bushes around nodes.
The position selected to establish the building is intended to generate a larger presence at urban level as the Park’s gateway and the minimal impact on the existing trees. The building is functionally designed as a flexible container with mobile partitions adjustable to the specific requirements of the equipment.
We are going for a comprehensive sustainable design incorporating active and passive measures. The project’s appearance is characterized by its solar protection, a lattice made of pine wooden logs, designed and calculated to optimize the building’s energy needs throughout the year. This natural lattice made of wooden logs generates a sun and shade in the interior areas and it configures a natural atmosphere generating the feeling of being surrounded by pines.
This project is envisaged as a great infrastructure with a tree design which stimulates a natural landscape generating the minimal possible impact. It condenses routes and activities in a minimal footprint, incorporating the use of active technologies to develop the natural environment as a rainwater harvesting system to water the introduced indigenous bush species powered by photovoltaic solar energy.
Passive and active systems are developed inside the Multifunctional Centre. It requires 50% less CO2 than a standard building and it will be the first unique building of Spain with the GBC GREEN certification. A parameterized shading system is calculated to optimize the building’s energy needs, a lattice with 314 wooden logs as a symbol of the action.
The extensive use of wooden products, bioconstruction strategy, researches the different possibilities of this material in the site equipment and constructive design. The “high–low tech” concept of this proposal combines the use of high technology in the design tools and facilities designed with local original and affordable materials.
We propose the intervention of the collective experience within a natural setting which treasures the memory of the city. The building enables the spatial reconfiguration through mobile partitions to carry out intergenerational social activities and local associations’ activities. In the park, there is a sports circuit adapted to televised sports events. Didactic landscaping with eye-catching colours and smells.
In the competition were taken into account the neighbourhood associations and environmental organisations as well as the criteria of those European entities subsidizing the project.
Environmental quality and resource efficiency
The building emits less than 50% of CO2 compared to a conventional one, 15% of materials is recycled, it generates close to 10% of the energy it consumes and it reuses 95% of water. It has a solar collector system integrated into the green roof, rainwater harvesting system to reuse water for Park’s watering and reuse of grey water. Air-conditioning and lighting systems are power-efficient and intelligent control systems. It has a high thermal insulation level thanks to the use of a green roof, argon gas in the glazing and wooden enclosure, high acoustic insulation level and a lattice facade optimized for energy savings and a glass curtain wall maximizing natural lighting. It uses recycled materials with low environmental impact and great durability, such as low-clinker cement with high addition level, recycled steel and pine wood flooring.
The Park minimizes the environmental footprint since it takes up a small area, it incorporates a solar marking system and it uses no-maintenance recycled technological wood, pine bark in the relaxation and leisure areas and pine wood in the site equipment.
This Project is subsidized by European funds which require planning, transparency and institutional coordination for the project’s development. It has been selected by regional institutions through a public competition of ideas publicly displayed, which allows public participation in its development.
The use of manufactured wood in a town characterized by having an industry based on wood, the possibility for participation of local companies in the construction process and the support to the local economy.
This project has a tree design with a low environmental impact and it develops an extensive use of pine wood which links it to the local industry and the natural environment’s pine forest which is also respected and developed. A landscaping restoration is carried out through the introduction of indigenous bushes and trees with different smells and colours and a comprehensive system of rainwater harvesting and watering. The building projects inwards a natural atmosphere and the surrounding landscape evoking the feeling of being surrounded by pines.
Reinforced concrete, environmentally friendly concrete HOLCIM, recycled steel – low emission curtain wall, wooden logs, technological wood – green roof – recycled plaster sheets, glass and mobile walls – drainage, grey water system and rainwater tank, smart lighting, photovoltaic panels – industrial parquet, resin panels, wood wool panels – pine planks, logs, bark and chips – solar markers.
FURTHER RELEVANT KEY FIGURES
Lattice 314 wooden columns, 1095 m2 low emission curtain wall, 1124 m2 green roof, 165 m3 rainwater tank, 149 units ecological equipment, 548 trees planted, 18231 bushes planted, 2221 ml technological wood paths, 1599 ml sports circuit.
Contact Bordallo y Carrasco Arquitectos