Sumit Singhal loves modern architecture. He comes from a family of builders who have built more than 20 projects in the last ten years near Delhi in India. He has recently started writing about the architectural projects that catch his imagination.
Makenna Resort in Itacare, Brazil by Drucker Architecture
January 10th, 2012 by Sumit Singhal
Article source: Drucker Architecture
Makenna Resort is located in southern Bahia state between the cities of Ilheus and Itacare in Environmental Reserve area of native Atlantic forest protected by UNESCO. The program consists of a clubhouse with restaurant and leisure rooms, spa, 16 bungalows and service sectors, with total area of 6,700 m². It is inserted in a plot of 50hás, remaining intact 42hás of Atlantic forest, intervening only in 8hás next to the Navy strip.
The challenge of this project was to interact with architectural space in a place marked by exuberant nature. That is, building a territory in which the physical landmark was no longer a scenario but active part of the building, through the identification of key elements of the landscape that would flourish through a system of visual relations that could transcend the domain of the building.
The building embodies the landscape, radicalizing its potential. We have tried to dramatically expand the sense of horizontality by eliminating from the visual field that which is not substantially the essence of the landscape.
STRUCTURE | ARCHITECTURE
A structure of concrete was defined with ribbed slabs and core of expanded polystyrene of high-density 30 cm thick, with relatively separated regular support, and in all cases large spans. The slabs of the floors are raised 70 cm from ground level.
By removing the support structure of the edges of buildings, large terraces and indoor-outdoor transition spaces were created, without interference of structural elements, which are the main living areas. The formal result is two horizontal parallel plates, only separated from the floor, contrasting with the verticality of palm trees, single plant species – in this part of the land – with visual consistency.
The adopted structural system responds well to the program and the execution, without renunciation, and also without violence. A rigorous geometric system, but also open and flexible.
WEATHER | ARCHITECTURE
To improve thermal comfort, along with the use of expanded polystyrene in the roofs, the buildings were raised from the ground providing cooling to the environment and easy access for maintenance of sanitary facilities. Due to the constant heat and high humidity we chose front-back openings to facilitate air flow, decreasing indoor temperature and eliminating the use of air conditioning. The project includes water heating system by solar energy and Mizuno sewerage system with effluent of 98% purity.
ART | ARCHITECTURE
One of the particularities of the project is the interaction between architectural spaces and artistic interventions, besides nature. This aspect is very important because they not only complement, but give strength to one another.
The entrance hall houses two minimalist installations: confrontation of indigenous and fishermen’s objects with industrial products that cut and divide them. Symbols of faith and existential convictions, works of German artist Thilo Scheuermann. PETRUS; an Indian canoe cut by a plate of Corten steel.
RED SEA; four ocas (Brazilian indigenous housing) from Tupinambas (indigenous tribe in the region) divided by a tube painted with red automotive paint.
The social areas house centennial objects of African tribal art composed by masks and flags. In addition to contemporary paintings of the same artist.
DRUCKER ASSOCIATES ARCHITECTS
MONICA DRUCKER DRUCKER founder of DRUCKER ASSOCIATES ARCHITECTS, graduated from the University of Sao Paulo in 1986, made a graduate degree and worked in Italy between 1998 and 1990. In 2006 he was awarded by the Institute of Architects of Brazil by the condominium Pirandello. She participated in the 5th and 6th Biennial of Architecture in Sao Paulo.
In 2009 teamed up with RUBEN OTERO, an architect graduated from the University of Montevideo and Ph.D. in architectural projects from the Polytechnic University of Catalonia. He got first prize in the International Architecture Biennale of Sao Paulo (2003) and Quito (2004), and Silver Medal in Miami (2005).
In 2010 the firm won the First Prize for developing NEW MODELS FOR POPULAR SUSTAINABLE HOUSING for the State of São Paulo, and First Prize for REDEVELOPMENT OF SLUMS in the city of Rio de Janeiro.
MAKENNA RESORT won the prize BEST ARCHITECTURE 2010 in the category Hotels and Resorts by the magazine Architecture and Building, and is a finalist in the category Hotels and Restaurants in ARCHDAILY site.
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