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Sumit Singhal
Sumit Singhal
Sumit Singhal loves modern architecture. He comes from a family of builders who have built more than 20 projects in the last ten years near Delhi in India. He has recently started writing about the architectural projects that catch his imagination.

Metro Station 20 in Sofia, Bulgaria by Peter Ruge Architekten

January 11th, 2012 by Sumit Singhal

Article source: Peter Ruge Architekten

New Metro Station 20 on Metro Line 1 in Sofia, Bulgaria  – International Competition, 2011

Acting as a primary metro connection between Sofia’s city centre and the airport, and the hub of a major commercial redevelopment plan, the design of Station 20 site seeks to establish clear pathways, form active connections and harmonise architecture and landscape.

Perspective from main plaza

  • Architect: Peter Ruge Architekten
  • Name of Project: Metro Station 20
  • Location: Sofia, Bulgaria
  • Site: 12, 390 sqm
  • GFA: 2,430 sqm

Entrance of Shopping Court Perspective

  • Competition: 2011
  • Client: Sofia Capital Muncipality, Architecture and Urban Spatial, Development Service 5 Serdika Str Sofia 1000 Bulgaria
  • Competition team: Peter Ruge Architekten – Peter Ruge, Kayoko Uchiyama, Matthias Matschewski, Alison McNicol, Hyesook Ahn, Duan Fu
  • Brief: Design of the new Metro Station 20 on Metro Line 1, including public spaces and land-scape design.
  • Scope of services: Open international competition


Entrance of Shopping Court Perspective


The sites linear structure is inspired by the pattern and scale of the neighbouring high-density housing blocks of the Druzhba residential quarter.  The angular direction of the landscape reflects the natural structure of the site boundary, generating a visual language that informs the division of public spaces and creates pathways, guiding pedestrian flow to and from the station.


Birds Eye Perspective in night


Main entry to Station 20’s underground concourse level is accessed via a vast corner plaza, providing a public space for circulation between the station services and the existing bus service infrastructure.  The sweeping canopy of the entrance hall emerges out of the landscape as a wave, simultaneously pulling the structure up as it pushes the plaza down into the ground to meet with the level of the concourse. Finely cast steel elements with a non-flammable canvas lining stretched underneath, create an elegant structure and a glowing interior, achieved through concealed and integrated lighting.


Site Plan


In response to the 120,000 daily flow of passengers, the stations concourse level has been extended to accommodate the maximum passenger loads expected, thus reducing congestion through passenger control systems.  Visual connection from all entrances into the halls have been optimised to promote passenger safety, assist station security and maximise natural light.

The concourse is further extended to include a shopping court, capitalising on high passenger flows, whilst providing future potential for an underpass connection from the station to the planned adjacent shopping centre development.



Floor Plan

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Categories: Railway Station, Station

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