Sumit Singhal loves modern architecture. He comes from a family of builders who have built more than 20 projects in the last ten years near Delhi in India. He has recently started writing about the architectural projects that catch his imagination.
Residential area in Skolkovo Innovation Center in Russia by Arch group
January 11th, 2012 by Sumit Singhal
Article source: Arch group
Architectural Concept Technopark Residential Area Skolkovo Innovation Center
Architectural Bureau Arch Group was created by architects Alexey Goryainov and Michael Krymov in 2007 in Moscow. The main activity at that time was the design of public interiors and control centers for major energy and telecommunications companies. Today, more than 15 projects are built. Also, the Bureau is engaged in designing buildings for different purposes and public interiors.
Project of Arch group won the international competition for architectural solutions of the Russian Orthodox spiritual and cultural center on the Quai Branly in Paris in 2011. Project Architect Group is noted in the annual catalog “Quality architecture 2010.”
In 2009, the bureau has become one of the ten best young architectural offices in Moscow according to the rating FORWARD. According to project of the Arch group a stadium Lokomotiv was built in 2009. In 2009, the Office participated in the competition for the Russian pavilion at Expo 2010 in Shanghai with the architectural bureau of T. Bashkaev (ABTB).
Since 2007 Arch group is involved in the development of urban planning concept of the reconstruction of small ring of the Moscow Railway and industrial zones in Moscow “New Land”. In 2009, the project of reconstruction of the control center MOESK won first place in the competition as the best public interior in Russia.
The Bureau designed mini-hotel for airports and train stations “The Sleepbox”. Alexey Goryainov was chief architect of reconstruction of Yaroslavsky railway station in Moscow in 2005. Michael Krymov is the chief editor of the architecture and interior magazine “Interior + Design 100% OFFICE”.
General information about Skolkovo and the contest
Skolkovo Innovation Center (“Russian Silicon Valley) is a high-tech hub to be built at Skolkovo near Moscow, Russia. The hub is intended to concentrate international intellectual capital, thereby stimulating the development of break-through projects and technologies.
The complex will be built within the limits of New Ivanovo and Odintsovo townships, near the village of Skolkovo located in the eastern part of Moscow’s Odintsovsky on the Skolkovsky highway, 2 km west of the MKAD Moscow beltway. The Skolkovo project was announced on November 12th, 2009 by Russian President, Dmitry Medvedev.
Area for apartment houses
1. General situation
The modern approach to residential buildings often creates a feeling of isolation. A person has his or her own apartment and a little garden, while neighbors are perceived as competitors.
The proposed residential area is designed for temporary accommodation of the scientific elite. The residential clusters are situated in a unique ecological environment. The architectural solution should not only provide comfortable accommodation for the residents but also form a creative environment that encourages people to communicate, exchange experiences, and help in the creative process.
2. Apartment houses
The district from the North to the South is permeated with pedestrian lanes with “green corridors”, which connect the cluster to the park. Along them, residential buildings are built. This forms long green prospects. The central square covers the transit road, protecting the houses from noise and dirt.
We want to avoid the feeling of a dense urban development. This is why the buildings are shaped as the natural landscape and green hills. Between them there is a lot of air and space. The slopes of the hills are green terraces, so even the buildings themselves are a part of the natural recreational space. Facades and windows of the apartments are slightly turned towards the forest. All houses are connected by pedestrian paths on the second level between the lobbies. This forms project’s single communicative space.
Public functions are situated on the ground floor of the houses. Parking and technical services are situated on the underground level. Lanes for running and cycling are situated all around the area.
Artificial nests for swifts are located on the roofs of all houses. This improves the area environment and gives it a special atmosphere. Trees and grass are planted on all the terraces and roofs of the houses.
-The district is located in the park. One main road connects the “island” with other similar areas. This gives the possibility to consider each residential cluster as an energy core, an urban cluster.
-The principles of organization of the district are similar to the medieval cities of Europe and the Middle East, where over the centuries a complex, three-dimensional urban environment was formed. Each house there has its own character and its own history.
-We create a multi-layered environment, with the links between individual houses and terraces. We create a system of picturesque routes and green terraces.
– We consider that all the houses should be different, with various planning solutions, with different terraces and entrances. This is not a typical social housing but a temporary home for creative, active people.
-Within the area, small squares with trees, fountains or children’s playgrounds are formed. This will give even more individuality to each part of the complex and will help with internal navigation.
-All houses are connected by pedestrian promenade paths on the third and fifth levels.
-From the main road departs a network of internal passages. Many streets and alleys form private courtyards and entrances.
-On top of all residential units, on the fifth floor, a network of pedestrian alleys is organized. This promenade can be reached by lifts, located in each group of residential units.
-Upper residential modules are smaller than the lower modules. This allows organizing insulation of all apartments.
-On the roofs of the houses, there are special nests for swifts, which rid the area of insects in the summer.
8.Technical and economic indices:
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