Sumit Singhal loves modern architecture. He comes from a family of builders who have built more than 20 projects in the last ten years near Delhi in India. He has recently started writing about the architectural projects that catch his imagination.
Yound Disabled Moduls And Workshop Pavillions by Zaragoza, Spain by José Javier Gallardo Ortega ///g.bang///
February 17th, 2012 by Sumit Singhal
Article source: José Javier Gallardo Ortega ///g.bang///
ONE CONCEPT, ONE COLOR AND ONE MATERIAL
The assignment is motivated by the need to expand the Neuro psychiatric Centre Our Lady of Carmen, in Zaragoza. In the first phase there is a new support centre for youth with behavioral problems, and currently sharing facilities with the geriatric section and, by the nature of their treatment and pathology, was necessary to become independent. In a second phase will be built the “Module for Occupational Workshops.”
It has 10 single bedrooms and 8 double rooms, with toilets. The common areas of the internal are two living rooms and dining room. The program is completed with, reception room, two offices, laundry, office, control room toilets, storage and utility room.
The floor plan is rectangular, dimensions 15.5 x 65 m. The facade has no cantilevers , but reflects the emptying of the building volume in the direction north, creating a courtyard to capture sunlight and allow controlled the patients to stay there in the summer.
The roof, for the most part, saw tooth shape, with variable slopes – very steep at some points – reflects, from the outside, the degree of patients mental activity in relation to the type of rooms they occupy: the resting or sleeping area with a slope of 60%, common areas or with maximum activity have outstanding peak of 240%. The treatment of the spaces occupied by the medical staff and caregivers has been dealt with flat roofs.
FORMAL QUALITY / SPACE
The building tries to interact with the space in all its meaning: the inherent element itself, inner space, surroundings and the urban context. The space increased the cultural efficiency of the project; it did not come as a surprise, but it was the result of efforts to optimise its consistency with the space and committed to a rigorous and creative process of approach to matter and to construction.
It was a surprise to discover a revealing concept: the “figurative quality” that depended on the technological status on which the form was built and was, in turn, form generator on the ground close scale. Just as form and space were not cause and effect, but rather the reciprocal impact, the architectonic figuration preceded the expression of the form and generated simultaneously with the modelling of that and even within the space program.
Façade and roof are covered with red zinc coated sheet. Historically, these centres, known as asylums were unrecognizable and hidden by society. But Hospital, “hospitare” in Latin, means “to receive as a guest” and together with the values of the Congregation and its founder, “Hospitality between people who suffer mental impairment” and “integrating the patients into society as far as possible” where the main goals… The red colour is a symbol that makes them visible… that robs us of prejudice… that emphasizes the social work… makes us more sexy! The material… the shape of this whole “scene” had to be modelled nobly!