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Sumit Singhal
Sumit Singhal
Sumit Singhal loves modern architecture. He comes from a family of builders who have built more than 20 projects in the last ten years near Delhi in India. He has recently started writing about the architectural projects that catch his imagination.

Trollstigen national tourist routes project in Romsdalen, Norway by Reiulf Ramstad Architects

 
February 28th, 2012 by Sumit Singhal

Article source: Reiulf Ramstad Architects

Located on Norway’s west coast, Trollstigen is perched within a dramatic pass between the deep fjords that characterize the region. This panoramic site can only be visited and constructed in summer, due to severe winter weather. Despite—or perhaps because of—the inaccessible nature of the site, the project entails designing an entire visitor environment ranging from a mountain lodge with restaurant and gallery to flood barriers, water cascades, bridges, and paths to outdoor furniture and pavilions and platforms meant for viewing the scenery. All of these elements are moulded into the landscape so that the visitor’s experience of place seems even more intimate. The architectural intervention is respectfully delicate, and was conceived as a thin thread that guides visitors from one stunning overlook to another.

Images Courtesy Reiulf Ramstad Architects, Diephotodesigner.de

  • Architect: Reiulf Ramstad Architects – RRA
  • Name of Project: Trollstigen national tourist routes project
  • Location: Romsdalen – Geiranger Fjord, Norway
  • Client: The Norwegian public roads administration
  • Commision type: Invited Competition 1st prize in cooperation with Multiconsult 13.3 landscaping (2004)
  • Status: Under construction
  • Photographs: Reiulf Ramstad Architects, Diephotodesigner.de

Images Courtesy Reiulf Ramstad Architects, Diephotodesigner.de

  • Civil Engineer: Structural Engineer: Dr Techn. Kristoffer Apeland AS, Oslo Norway
  • Design year: 2004-2011
  • RRA Key Architects:
    • Responsable project manager: Reiulf D Ramstad
    • Project manager: Christian Skram Fuglset
  • RRA People involved in process: Kristin Stokke Ramstad, project communication; Anja Hole Strandskogen RRA architect; Espen Surnevik, RRA architect; Ragnhild Snustad, RRA architect; Atle Leira, RRA architect; Kanog Anong Nimakorn, RRA architect; Christian Dahle (former architect RRA); Lasse A. Halvorsen, (former architect RRA)
  • Construction year: 2005-2012/ Official Opening 2012
  • Renderings: Reiulf Ramstad Architects/MIR
  • Building area: 800 m2 (Mountain Lodge with restaurant and gallery) To be completed in 2011; 950 m2 (Flood Barrier House) to be completed in 2010
  • Site: Building Site 600,000 m2
  • Time to build: 6 years
  • Type of construction: Cor-ten steel and poured-in-place concrete

Images Courtesy Reiulf Ramstad Architects, Diephotodesigner.de

MATERIALITY / The Trollstigen plateau is a robust facility, dimensioned for durability with minimal maintenance and large static stresses. The major contrast between the seasons has been handled with the choice of materials. The area receives up to 7 meters of snow during winter, placing extreme demands on static strength. Structures and details are designed to withstand the extreme stress without compromising on the visual slenderness. Working with resistant materials felt natural. Cast-in-place concrete and cor-ten steel are the main materials used in the project. The steel oxidizes and gain its own a patina over time. The concrete has been treated with several different techniques; polished, steel troweled, flushed, broomed, spot hammered, or cast in different types of formwork. With the nuances the treatment gives the material, it is possible to address each micro-context in relation to the use and placement. All the materials are carefully chosen so the architecture is to be characterized by clear and precise transition between the architecture and the natural landscape.

Images Courtesy Reiulf Ramstad Architects, Diephotodesigner.de

SIZE / The Trollstigen plateau is a very comprehensive architectural project, both in program, complexity and extension. It covers an area of approximately 600.000 m2 that from one end to the other takes about twenty minutes of continuous walking.

At the same time the complex is dimensioned to receive a lot of people in a short time. Around 600,000 people distributed in 100,000 vehicles visit the site during the summer months. This lay down large demands to infrastructure and logistics.

Images Courtesy Reiulf Ramstad Architects, Diephotodesigner.de

The architecture should underpin the site’s unique character, and give visitors an added value in relation to the travel experience, a key idea was to arrange so that all of the. All project elements support the experience of the nature and submit to the context and interact with, not compete with, the dramatic landscape. Because of the structural qualities of steel and the surface of cor-ten, this was a natural choice for this environment.

There are always some difficulties concerning the construction of an installation like this. Because of the extreme weather conditions and the difficulties of access for the construction equipment, most of the material had to be transported out with helicopter out to the outlookplateau. However, for us as architects it was always the structural challenges to attain a structure robust enough to look after the safety of the public, and at the same time appear simple and elegant.

Images Courtesy Reiulf Ramstad Architects, Diephotodesigner.de

SUSTAINABILITY / The following issues are important for the sustainability of the project:

-      Durability in all details / The architectural installations have been build so they can withstand the violent forces of nature. In summer, autumn and spring, there have been major floods causing extensive damage. The amounts of snow in the winter months are so large that extraordinary static, solid solutions are required. Since the project consists of a number of individual measures, it is organized into a system of sub site development.

-      Grey water / All grey water is filtered locally at the site through a series of sand reservoirs recycled directly into nature.

-      Black water / This is extremely reduced using vacuum sanitary systems.

-      Self sufficient energy consumption / Trollstigen will be self sufficient with energy with the use of a local mini hydro power plant, which is a part of the project.

-      Low energy consumption / The project is provided with low infra structure consumption energy installations in all parts.

Images Courtesy Reiulf Ramstad Architects, Diephotodesigner.de

The Trollstigen plateau is a robust facility, dimensioned for durability with minimal maintenance and large static stresses. There are up to 600,000 visitors annually. The major contrast between the seasons has been handled with the choice of materials. The area receives up to 7 meters of snow during winter, placing extreme demands on static strength. Structures and details are designed to withstand the extreme stress without compromising on the visual slenderness. Working with resistant materials felt natural. Cast-in-place concrete and cor-ten steel are the main materials used in the project. The steel oxidizes and gain its own a patina over time. The concrete has been treated with several different techniques; polished, steel troweled, flushed, broomed, spot hammered, or cast in different types of formwork. With the nuances the treatment gives the material, it is possible to address each micro-context in relation to the use and placement.

  • The architecture should underpin the site’s unique character, and give visitors an added value in relation to the travel experience. All project elements support the experience of the nature and submit to the context and interact with, not compete with, the dramatic landscape. Because of the structural qualities of steel and the surface of cor-ten, this was a natural choice for this environment.
  • There are always some difficulties concerning the construction of an installation like this. Because of the extreme weather conditions and the difficulties of access for the construction equipment, most of the material had to be transported out with helicopter. However, for us as architects it was always the structural challenges to attain a structure robust enough to look after the safety of the public, and at the same time appear simple and elegant. The solid concrete structure as base of the platform, the relatively slender steel structures and the glass as railing, underpin this elegance and contribute to a spectacular experience of the view.
  • The base of the view platform is a cast-in-place concrete structure, anchored to the ground with several steel-core poles. The cantilever on the platform consists of steel girders, cast into the concrete base. The base itself appears as if the mountain grows through the cor-ten platform, and is designed as furniture on the two levels. The rough concrete surface, spot hammered, underpin the feeling of the mountain, and enhance the elegance of the steel and the lightness of the glass.

Images Courtesy Reiulf Ramstad Architects, Diephotodesigner.de

Images Courtesy Reiulf Ramstad Architects, Diephotodesigner.de

Images Courtesy Reiulf Ramstad Architects, Diephotodesigner.de

Images Courtesy Reiulf Ramstad Architects, Diephotodesigner.de

Images Courtesy Reiulf Ramstad Architects, Diephotodesigner.de

Images Courtesy Reiulf Ramstad Architects, Diephotodesigner.de

Images Courtesy Reiulf Ramstad Architects, Diephotodesigner.de

Restplace (Images Courtesy Reiulf Ramstad Architects, Diephotodesigner.de)

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