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Sumit Singhal
Sumit Singhal
Sumit Singhal loves modern architecture. He comes from a family of builders who have built more than 20 projects in the last ten years near Delhi in India. He has recently started writing about the architectural projects that catch his imagination.

Francisco De Arruda School in Lisbon, Portugal by José Neves (designed using AutoCAD)

 
April 11th, 2012 by Sumit Singhal

Article source: José Neves

It is a project within the “School Modernization Program” sponsored by the Parque Escolar, for a school originally designed by architect José António Pedroso in 1956. The three bodies that constitute the school  are situated on the hillside in the continuity of the Faculty of Agronomy fields, overlooking the district of Alcântara.

One arrives at the new atrium of the school after a brief walk through the garden (Images Courtesy Laura Castro Caldas & Paulo Cintra)

  • Architect: José Neves
  • Name of Project: Francisco De Arruda School
  • Location: Lisbon, Portugal
  • Client: Parque Escolar
  • Project year: 2008-2009
  • Photographs: Laura Castro Caldas & Paulo Cintra; João Morgado
  • Software used: Autodesk AutoCAD 2008/2009

View of the new entrance (Images Courtesy Laura Castro Caldas & Paulo Cintra)

  • Construction year: 2009-2011
  • Colaborators: Rui Sousa Pinto, Ana Belo, André Matos, Filipe Cameira, Martim Enes Dias, Nuno Florêncio, Steven Evans, Vitor Quaresma; João Pernão, Maria Capelo (colour consultants).
  • Landscape Architecture: F|C
  • Engineering: Betar, SM&LM, PEN, Natural Works
  • GoogleMaps coordinates: 38.706942,-9.187188
  • GPS coordinates: 38º 42.406’ N; 9º 11.236’ O

View of the patio (Images Courtesy Laura Castro Caldas & Paulo Cintra)

The original building, spread across three platforms pragmatically modelled on the hill, is organized around a central patio and has three bodies each with its own functions – teaching, administration, and covered playground; gym and cafeteria; workshops – linked through covered outdoor galleries. These bodies, with very different shapes, were taken by us as if they had been built over time, making a little city. Our project quietly continues this process.

New building west elevation (Images Courtesy João Morgado)

For the outdoor areas, of unusually generous dimensions, the project underlines the continuity of the vegetation of the fields through new plantations, in order to emphasize the sense of the site as a public garden. The staircase that we designed, opening an existing cul-de-sac to connect the central patio to the old Patio das Caravelas situated on the top platform, as well as the direct connection created between the new library and the sports fields across the covered playground, are both transformations that help to emphasize the sense of the whole as a public garden and profoundly shape the daily living in the school.

On the other hand, the original buildings are restored as well as adapted to new needs, through minimum interventions, particularly in the external form and the finishes of the interior spaces.

The new atrium: the windows and the bridges face the patio and the garden (Images Courtesy Laura Castro Caldas & Paulo Cintra)

Finally, three new elements are added:

a) a long two-storey building completes the outline of the original patio. It is discovered after a short path through the garden, as the new school entrance. Designed as a public gallery, meeting and study space, along the courtyard – as a sheltered stoa – this building contains the new library on the ground floor and the new laboratories on the top floor, facing, eastward, the gardens of the school, the neighbouring fields and the city;
b) the shower spaces are built under the old Pátio das Caravelas between the existing gym and the new covered sports field that is situated in one of the high platforms of the site;
c) the original main atrium, never used as one, is now the atrium of a small multipurpose room, designed as a garden pavilion, which the population of the school calls “magic cube”.

The atrium is connected with the school vegetable garden, eastward, through three transparent staircases (Images Courtesy Laura Castro Caldas & Paulo Cintra)

Given the beauty of the original Francisco de Arruda School situation, once again the clear and direct words of João dos Santos served as a greater stimulus to the project: “What is important in education, first of all, is the natural and aesthetically harmonious environment in which it takes place.”

The wooden opaque windows at both sides can be opened to let in the sound and the air of the garden (Images Courtesy Laura Castro Caldas & Paulo Cintra)

The new atrium of the school is a room to wander and to stay, to play and to study (Images Courtesy Laura Castro Caldas & Paulo Cintra)

The new laboratories, facing east and furnished with the equipment typified by Parque Escolar (Images Courtesy Laura Castro Caldas & Paulo Cintra)

View of the noble room where once was intended to be the main entrance (Images Courtesy João Morgado)

View of the new covered playing field from the old Pátio das Caravelas (Images Courtesy Laura Castro Caldas & Paulo Cintra)

Gymnasium after intervention (Images Courtesy Laura Castro Caldas & Paulo Cintra)

General view. Design study model (Images Courtesy Laura Castro Caldas & Paulo Cintra)

Related posts:

Contact José Neves

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Categories: Autocad, School

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