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Sumit Singhal
Sumit Singhal
Sumit Singhal loves modern architecture. He comes from a family of builders who have built more than 20 projects in the last ten years near Delhi in India. He has recently started writing about the architectural projects that catch his imagination.

Habitat ITESM Leon in Leon, Mexico by SHINE Architecture

 
September 19th, 2012 by Sumit Singhal

Article source: SHINE Architecture

This retrofit project intends to revitalize a underutilized space, into a 1180m2 art/design studio workshop for students within Tec de Monterrey’s, Campus in Leon, Mexico.

The intervetion in the old building aimed to be an inovative proposal in use, aesthetics [although in acordance to the existing buildings in campus] and life test for bioclimatic strategies.

Image Courtesy SHINE Architcture

  • Architect: SHINE Architecture
  • Project: Habitat ITESM Leon
  • Location: Leon, Mexico
  • Developed by: SHINE Architecture + TAarquitectura
  • Typology: Education
  • Year: 2012 2
  • Area:1180m [12,701sq.ft.]
  • Project Credits [Alphabetical Ordered]: Salvador Ferreiro, Minche Mena, Michael Smith, Ruben Vazquez, Jose Zermeno, “SHINE Architecture”
  • Renders, Scale Models, Drawing Credits: SHINE Architecture
  • Photo Credits: SHINE Architcture
  • Sustainable Environmental Design Advise: Michael Smith,  SAAi México Structural Engineering: Jorge Gallardo,  SANSON Estructuras
  • Civil Works: Jorge Gonzalez,  emplekton
  • Facade Works: Josué Rincón,  ALUDOMO
  • Wood Decks: Edgar Angulo,  Pisos Vieri
  • Lamp Designer: Sebastián Beltrán,  Natural Urbano
  • Electric engeneering: Jesus López
  • Acoustics Advise: Daniel Ruvalcaba,  Quorum Acoustics

Image Courtesy SHINE Architcture

In terms of use, the intention was to make a spacefor the students, a blank page for them to interveen, with just the basics to start getting space appropiation by the students, the proposal was to make a 24/7 student studio, with no clases in it, thus a creative laboratory.

Image Courtesy SHINE Architcture

The first floor comprises public spaces such as; studios, exhibit areas and services. Second floor contains semi-public areas for modelling, Photography and specific working areas. Morphologically its inner industrial look like tectonic embracing 3 main parts; a large glazed box in conjunction with a smaller solid volume and external circulation appendix.

Image Courtesy SHINE Architcture

As a first approach all non-structural elements within the envelope and interiors: exterior walls, stairs, partitions, windows, among others, where removed in order to achieve a wide-open-integrated space for multi functional design activities. In addition, the structural analysis oriented all “clean-up” decisions for a stand-alone main structure with new programmatic requirements. Moreover an appendicular transitional space was proposed along northwest façade, by unfolding external circulations and generating an aesthetical anomaly upon the main body access.

Image Courtesy SHINE Architcture

An important bioclimatic design concern was Leon’s hot dry climatic conditions, where in summer temperatures easily reach 38°C [100°F], with low relative humidity (almost 10%) and very high solar radiation impinges. Thus thermal, visual and acoustic comfort targets were established to define passive design systems for all educational spaces and reduce energy consumption. Software based tests were executed to prove the hypotesis.

Image Courtesy SHINE Architcture

All main facades comprise glass ‘flakes’ which allow diffuse daylight penetration, and natural ventilation in-between gaps. Flake’s glazing properties varied as a function of its solar orientation from translucent to transparent. Additionally the project comprises an atrium that achieves the same effects with roof lights for diffuse zenith daylight and upper vents for any given adiabatic air effect. Qualitative speaking a uniform daylight performance was achieved regardless external sky conditions for visual comfort.

Image Courtesy SHINE Architcture

As complement artificial lamps were costume designed for both: optimum visual performance and uncomfortable noise absorption. Furthermore, daylight quality was not merely a statutory requirement but spatial perception. Hence architectural intentions embarked on sketching and physical modelling of the intended effect, and within principles revision. Materials, proportions and sources of light where evaluated and translated into the overall concept.

Image Courtesy SHINE Architcture

In terms of general aesthetic, the purpose was to look as part of a context, respecting existing materials, but be different and recognizable as an experimental-design building. also thinking in a reproduzable module for other facades.

Image Courtesy SHINE Architcture

Thermal comfort targets were assessed upon maximum occupation and average daily hot conditions, for calculating minimum air exchanges per hour. The latter informed the façade’s apertures ratios for any given fresh air provision required and heat gain dissipation. Also the appendicular external space offers a spatial transition indoors-outdoors.

Image Courtesy SHINE Architcture

Form and materiality atheistically intentions: glass facades…wood, parametric and gradients

Predesign studies with simulations and parametric models helped to understand the building performance, which was finally validated on site. The building outcome brought environmental solutions to achieve a desirable performance upon comfort targets and building requirements. Conceptually the morphological synthesis of the project starts taking shape into an informed model with aesthetical, physical and analytical design methods.

Image Courtesy SHINE Architcture

Parametric studies made in Grasshopper (with a formely Rhino Base) were made to understand how to reduce material consumptions.

Image Courtesy SHINE Architcture

Image Courtesy SHINE Architcture

Image Courtesy SHINE Architcture

Image Courtesy SHINE Architcture

Image Courtesy SHINE Architcture

Image Courtesy SHINE Architcture

Image Courtesy SHINE Architcture

Image Courtesy SHINE Architcture

Image Courtesy SHINE Architcture

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