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Sumit Singhal
Sumit Singhal
Sumit Singhal loves modern architecture. He comes from a family of builders who have built more than 20 projects in the last ten years near Delhi in India. He has recently started writing about the architectural projects that catch his imagination.

BRG Neusiedl am See – New school in Burgenland, Austria by SOLID Architecture

 
October 20th, 2012 by Sumit Singhal

Article source: SOLID Architecture

Initial position

The Bundesrealgymnasium (secondary school) in Neusiedl am See is a strictly orthogonal school complex dating from 1972. Three two-storey classroom wings running north-south and a gymnasium wing are connected by a single-storey volume running east-west.

Image Courtesy SOLID architecture ZT GmbH

  • Architects: SOLID Architecture / K2architektur
  • Project: Neusiedl am See – New school
  • Location: Bundesschulstraße 3 7100 Neusiedl am See, Austria
  • Photographer: Kurt Kuball
  • Copyright of photos held by: SOLID architecture ZT GmbH
  • Project Management: Arch. DI Christoph Hinterreitner, Arch. DI Christine Horner
  • Collaborators:  DI Daniel Glaser, Mag. Art Anna Rosinke, DI Kristina Zaunschirm
  • Purpose: Bundesgymnasium und Bundesrealgymnasium
  • Client: BIG Bundesimmobiliengesellschaft m.b.H Hintere Zollamtsstraße1 1031 Wien

Image Courtesy SOLID architecture ZT GmbH

  • Planning Data:
    • Direct Commission: no, 1st prize in international open competition
    • Project Status: Project Completed
    • Competition: February 2008
    • Other Participants
    • Start of Planning: March 2009
    • Start of Construction: April 2010
    • Completion: August 2012
  • Project Data:
    • Site area: 26.270 m²
    • Gross Area: 9.300 m²
    • Built up Area: 5.640 m²
    • Useable Surface: -
    • Building Volume: 41.060 m³
    • Construction Costs: -
    • Construction: New two-story building in wood- Steel Construction, New one-story building in wood- Concrete Construction

Image Courtesy SOLID architecture ZT GmbH

  • Spatial Program:
    • New wing with a multi-purpose hall, classrooms, areas used during breaks from lessons and barrier-free access to the entire school.
    • New Wing with afternoon care facilities.
    • Renovation of the existing classroom wings and the facades of the sports hall.
    • Renovation of sports grounds
  • Awards, Prizes: Award at Architekturpreis des Landes Burgenland 2012
  • Consultants:

    • Structural Engineering: RWT PLUS ZT GmbH
    • Building Physics: RWT PLUS ZT GmbH
    • Construction Supervision: Raster Ziviltechniker Gmbh, Di Gunther Palme Ziviltechniker Gmbh
    • Heat / Ventilation Engineering: HTB-PLAN Haustechnik Planungs GmbH
    • Electrical Engineering: HTB-PLAN Haustechnik Planungs GmbH

Image Courtesy SOLID architecture ZT GmbH

  • Contractors:
    • Builder: TEERAG-ASDAG Aktiengesellschaft
    • Steel / Wood structures: SILVER STAR” Maschinenbau Gesellschaft m.b.H.
    • Facades: Stahl- und Alubau GmbH
    • Dry Walling: Baierl & Demmelhuber Innenausbau GmbH
    • Roofing / Plumber: Alikaj A. Spenglerei & Dachprofile
    • Mason: Stein-Zeit Köllnreitner GesmbH
    • Floorer: Toro Ges.m.b.H. & Co KG
    • Paintwork: Hirsch Malerei und Mehr GmbH
    • Steel Structures: Kamper Stahlbau Ges.m.b.H.
    • Windows: Stahl- und Alubau GmbH
    • Carpenter: Unterwaditzer GmbH
    • Electrician: GK Business Solution & Service GmbH
    • Heat / Ventilation: A. Zoppoth Haustechnik Gesellschaft m.b.H.

Image Courtesy SOLID architecture ZT GmbH

The commission involved refurbishing the school building and adding a new circulation wing to it. The single-phase competition open to entries from throughout the EU which was organized by the Bundesimmobiliengesellschaft (BIG, a quasi-governmental company that manages Austrian publicly owned real estate) was won by the working partnership of SOLID architecture / K2architektur.

Image Courtesy SOLID architecture ZT GmbH

Building volumes and program of spaces

The design for the extension preserves the orthogonal character of the existing school. In place of the single-storey connecting element a new two-storey volume is erected that connects the three classroom wings with each other on both levels. In addition to the central staircase this new building also contains an elevator that provides barrier-free access to the entire school, a multi-purpose hall, classrooms and areas used during breaks from lessons.

Image Courtesy SOLID architecture ZT GmbH

The latter areas are on both ground and first floor. Large areas of glazing towards the south offer a view of the recess yard planted with large plane trees. A projecting roof slab prevents the rooms from overheating in summer.

A single-storey connecting building running in an east-west direction houses the afternoon care facilities, for which a new internal courtyard was created. The common room for afternoon care can be connected to the dining room and has a terrace in front that faces south, onto the new courtyard.

Image Courtesy SOLID architecture ZT GmbH

Spatial experience – clear articulation

The open, transparent connecting wing with the areas for school breaks augments the existing compact – and rather introverted – classroom wings. The extrovert central section that is oriented towards the open spaces increases the overall clarity of the school complex. The publicly used areas and recess areas relate directly to the outdoor spaces.

Image Courtesy SOLID architecture ZT GmbH

Colour concept

The colour concept for the building responds to the impressive existing trees on the site. Borrowing from the shades of the large plane trees in the recess yard, the dominant colours are green, beige and white.

Image Courtesy SOLID architecture ZT GmbH

Refurbishment of the existing buildings

Particular emphasis is placed on achieving a good energy balance for the building. The building envelope is upgraded to meet current demands in terms of building physics. The existing classroom wings are given a back-ventilated façade composed of green and white panels.

Image Courtesy SOLID architecture ZT GmbH

The lively colour of the design provides an identity for the school as a whole. In the interior all the floor, wall and ceiling surfaces are renovated and designed in accordance with the colour concept for the school. The façade areas of the gym hall are thermally upgraded by applying a white external insulation and finishing system.

Image Courtesy SOLID architecture ZT GmbH

Design of the outdoor areas

The design of the outdoor spaces is determined by a large “deck” that adjoins all the public areas on the ground floor and blurs the boundary between indoor and outdoor space. This deck connects inside and outside without a change of level and has the same finish as the areas used for breaks in the interior of the building. Projecting roofs on the south side further blur the boundary between inside and outside.

Image Courtesy SOLID architecture ZT GmbH

Economic and ecological aspects

The goal of reducing energy demand as far as possible and the aim to use an ecological construction method for the new buildings are both met by using timber composite constructions: the two-storey connecting wing is built of timber and steel, the afternoon care facilities of timber and reinforced concrete. Compared to massive construction this method is considerably more sustainable in ecological terms, especially regarding global warming potential.

Image Courtesy SOLID architecture ZT GmbH

Image Courtesy SOLID architecture ZT GmbH

Image Courtesy SOLID architecture ZT GmbH

Image Courtesy SOLID architecture ZT GmbH

Image Courtesy SOLID architecture ZT GmbH

Image Courtesy SOLID architecture ZT GmbH

Image Courtesy SOLID architecture ZT GmbH

First Floor : Image Courtesy SOLID architecture ZT GmbH

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Categories: Building Campus, Educational Center, School

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