Sumit Singhal loves modern architecture. He comes from a family of builders who have built more than 20 projects in the last ten years near Delhi in India. He has recently started writing about the architectural projects that catch his imagination.
A Bioclimatic House in the Gulf of Morbihan, France by Patrice Bideau Architecte
March 16th, 2013 by Sumit Singhal
Article source: Patrice Bideau Architecte
The project to expand a 1970s house recently Acquired Began in July 2010 and was completed in the autumn of 2012. In buying this house in BADEN, the owners wanted to adapt to a new life in the Morbihan by converting an existing dwelling into home energy efficient year using ecological building materials.Close to the sea and ideal base for sailing year, the house was Originally Intended to be a holiday home.
When it Became obvious que le Existing metal framework and concrete panel building energy efficient and Would render windproof renovated in compliance with the 2005 French règlements impossible, it was Decided to build a new low-energy consumption and heating thermodynamic house with a 200 liter 7.8 kW hot water tank for a yearly energy consumption of 47 kWpe / m².Existing house was demolished The and a bioclimatic dwelling made of a wood and concrete framework was built on the Highest point of the plot in order to restore the original appearance of the grounds.
The house has a lower ground floor built into the slope, an upper ground floor with terraces to the west and south and a third floor above. The main facade faces south-west with a gable Offering views over the Gulf. HAS The building three sections, two of Which Have 45 ° pitched roofs, the third Having a penthouse roof of 30 °. All three are clad in schistose slate. The north wall and Its adjoining partitions are made of breeze-blocks to Ensure stability and are covered in traditional plaster AFFORD to perfect wind-proofing and thermal inertia for this aussi Essentially wood-built house. 120mm rock wool insulation for this affords external north wall.
The 145/45 wood frame with wooden cladding painted gray (a requirement of the Local Planning Authority) is insulated with cellulose wadding onto plasterboard Which is fixed by means clustering of wooden brackets. The dividing walls on the lower ground and upper floors are covered in plaster tiles Which Ensure Reduce temperature control and recourse to metal framework so as to minimize the magnetic field Caused by electrical appliances. ceilings are insulated with The 300mm rock wool. Special care was paid to the air-tightness of the walls and ceilings through the implementation of a protective film Which Prevents condensation.
The floors in the roof space and on the mezzanine are supported by 8/20 joists and OSB panels are laid upon Which gypsum and cellulose insulation board and floating floors.Sufficient sunshine When Were Recorded levels falling on the building period, the Plan to install a heat pump was abandoned in Favour of a thermodynamic water heater for the bathroom and 7 kilowatts wood-burning stove. Heat transfer fluid-filled radiators Provide back-up heating in the house. With the elimination the heat pump, the yearly energy consumption Increased to 97 Wpe / m². However the nature of technological Remains of the system intact.
Two tests for air-tightness Were Carried out the results of Which gave 0.54m3/h.m ². interior design The combined contrasting colors in lime-based paint on the walls and varied kinds of wood for the floors, doors and staircase. rocks The present in the grounds preserved for use Have Been in the future landscaping of a garden designed to protect bioclimatic and embellish the house. The inspiration for this project is drawn from one of the rules of the Gaia Charter: “Let architecture grow out of the website and be unique. ”
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