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Sumit Singhal
Sumit Singhal
Sumit Singhal loves modern architecture. He comes from a family of builders who have built more than 20 projects in the last ten years near Delhi in India. He has recently started writing about the architectural projects that catch his imagination.

SUTD Library Pavilion in Dover Drive, Singapore by City Form Lab

 
July 7th, 2013 by Sumit Singhal

Article source: City Form Lab

The Singapore University of Technology and Design (SUTD)library pavilion is located on a sloping lawn on the temporary Dover Campus. Accommodating three mature trees and forming a noise barrier toward the Ayer Raja Expressway in the north, the gridshell structure of the pavilionharnesses the site constraints and activates an outdoor space behind the existing library building.

Image Courtesy © Philip Aldrup

  • Architects: City Form Lab
  • Project: SUTD Library Pavilion
  • Location: Dover Drive, Singapore
  • Photography: Philip Aldrup
  • Unique plywood panels: 3,008
  • Unique steel cladding tiles: 585
  • Unique plywood spacer blocks: 3,255
  • Bolts: 192,562
  • Screws: 30,039
  • Software used: McNeel, Rhino & RhinoPython script for architecture and gridshell, Oasys GSA and McNeel Rhino + Grasshopper for engineering

Image Courtesy © Philip Aldrup

  • Design: City Form Lab (Andres Sevtsuk, Raul Kalvo)
  • Client: SUTD Library (Julie Sabaratnam)
  • Engineering: ARUP( Mike King, Benjamin Sitler, Russel Cole)
  • Construction: Arina International Hogan (AIH) and SUTD students, staff
  • Fabrication: Durotec, Subweld, AIH, SUTD Fab Lab.
  • Sponsors: Arina International Hogan (AIH), ARUP, Autodesk
  • Area: 200m2 (covered), 300m2 (deck)
  • Completion: May 2013

Image Courtesy © City Form Lab

During the day it offers a shaded open-air place to relax, work, and mingle for students and staff of the university.At night it becomes a place for informal gatherings, evening lectures and SUTD community events. Work-desks, mobile bookshelves and wireless Internet transform it into a “third space” between the dormitory and the classroom where intellectual and social exchange occurs in a casual atmosphere.

Image Courtesy © City Form Lab

Building upon a long tradition of catenary structures that use little material to achieve considerable spans, the canopy forms a lightweight timber shell with no columns, beams, or vertical walls. A numeric hanging-chain model was used to determine an efficientdouble-curvature shape that follows the lines of thrust in compression.Using computational design and computer controlled fabrication allowed the pavilion’s complex three-dimensional form to be achieved with readily available materials and a streamlinedassemblyprocessat minimal cost.

Image Courtesy © City Form Lab

Unlike steel gridshells, it has no complex three-dimensional structural joints – all of its elements were prefabricated from strictly flat plywood and galvanized steel sheetson CNC machines in Singapore. The site work thus comprised an orderly assembly of 3,000 unique plywood and 600 unique sheet-metal tiles based on only one drawing – the numeric map of a three-dimensional puzzle indicating which pieces fit next to which other pieces.ID numbers were engraved in the cutting process on each plywood and cladding element, which remain visible in the finished structure as ornament. First year SUTD students assisted with the pre-assembly of the pieces and the contractor erected the structure on site. The pavilion is designed to be dismantled and recycled after two years.

Image Courtesy © City Form Lab

Image Courtesy © City Form Lab

Image Courtesy © Philip Aldrup

Image Courtesy © City Form Lab

Image Courtesy © City Form Lab

Image Courtesy © City Form Lab

Image Courtesy © City Form Lab

Image Courtesy © City Form Lab

Image Courtesy © City Form Lab

Image Courtesy © City Form Lab

Image Courtesy © City Form Lab

Image Courtesy © City Form Lab

Image Courtesy © City Form Lab

Image Courtesy © City Form Lab

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Categories: Grasshopper, Library, McNeel, Pavilion, Rhino

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