Sumit Singhal loves modern architecture. He comes from a family of builders who have built more than 20 projects in the last ten years near Delhi in India. He has recently started writing about the architectural projects that catch his imagination.
FORN DE LA VILA DE LLÍRIA RESTORATION AND MUSEALIZATION in Llíria, Spain by hidalgomora arquitectura
July 9th, 2013 by Sumit Singhal
Article source: hidalgomora arquitectura
The “Forn de la Vila”, a bread furnace attached to the medieval walls, is one of the most important pieces of civil gothic in Llíria (Valencia, Spain). It was probably built in the late thirteenth century and according to its typology we can include it in traditional Valencian furnaces, historically named “Hornos de pan cocer.”
As a result of a proliferation of private bread furnaces in Llíria, in the second half of XIXth century, the Forn de la Vila ends functioning as a furnace and it starts being used exclusively as a dwelling.
It is characterized by its lancet arches of ashlar, which start from the ground at different levels, as well as by their stays covered by wooden beams and the enclosure with a brick vault of the furnace (olla). The interior is divided into three levels separated by two central arches that are situated in parallel, there are two othertransverse arches.
In the first phase of restoration the historic stonework were consolidated and the unsuitable items, which were negatively affecting its structure and which were threatening the integrity of the monument, were eliminated. Then, the efforts were focused on the recovery of the building typology, and to enable it as an educational resource of history and ethnology, through the restoration, the reconstruction and the rehabilitation of the original medieval furnace elements (olla, chimney, fleca, alcabor, etc.).
In the cours of this last phase, the museography of Forn de la Vila was accomplished, whose main objective was to help understanding better this building, in a constructive and in a typological way, and to publish its evolution throughout the history.
The museography proposal was to turn the Forn de la Vilaof Llíria into a site museum, finding in this option the ideal choice to recover this example of Valencian civil gothic architecture, and achieving that the building and its constructive elements did not lose their historical, functional and typological sense.
The main objective was the recovery of the medieval bread oven as architectural type, fact that has been achieved through a faithful architectural restoration of the traditional building systems, and its diffusion from a didactic perspective.
With this purpose a sign or an identification plaque indicates the item to emphasize and, where appropriate, the approximate date of its execution and its incorporation to the patrimonial ensemble.
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