Sumit Singhal loves modern architecture. He comes from a family of builders who have built more than 20 projects in the last ten years near Delhi in India. He has recently started writing about the architectural projects that catch his imagination.
HOUSE in Lisbon, Portugal by PMC Arquitectos
February 15th, 2014 by Sumit Singhal
Article source: PMC Arquitectos
The plot, which is practically rectangular, has an area of 914.2m2 and is located in the midst of a quarter built with villas.
Topographically the location has an approximately 2m difference in level following the longer axis, in the East/West direction, with the highest level located on the side of the access roadway.
The lay out of the house followed, on the one hand, the geometrically regulatory provisions and, on the other, the intention to create a south bearing garden with a swimming pool sheltered by the expanse of the villa.
As such, the contour of the plot and its bearing determined and conditioned the villa’s evolution. A powerful interaction was pursued between the villa and the plot, with maximum benefit procured between the bearing of the sunlight and the existing topography.
The villa is designed in three levels – 2 above ground and a cellar.
Volumetrically the villa is developed in two frames, one larger and the other smaller, that intercept each other in an “L” formation. The higher and longer frame is evolved along the East-West bearing while the smaller, on just one level, evolves parallel to the roadway.
Each of these frames is set up in order to bring about a powerful internal/external relationship, such that the interior areas extend towards the external areas by way of patios, balconies and ledges. These transition areas are also fundamental to ensure shade for the large glass fronted surfaces, as exemplified by the entrance hall and the living room.
On the ground floor (level 0) areas communicate together very easily. The hall is the most fluid area of the villa, with a very specific strength created by continuous differing levels and by the changing heights of the ceilings.
The living room has two distinct areas of comfort. One which is more intimate and enjoys directly the warmth of the fireplace, and one other with a greater opening to the garden through a large glass fronted window looking out southward over the gardens. Also looking out towards the garden and built on a lower level is the dining room and kitchen both of which bearing west.
A multipurpose room has equally been designed, bearing westwards and is connected with an external leisure zone, covered by a reinforced concrete trellis that provides it with an interesting shadow scenario in this area.
The first floor comprises four bedrooms all with en suite sanitary facilities, amongst which the main suite is provided with a closet and a small private gymnasium, opened towards a hollow area above the living room.
Attentiveness was also provided to the circulation between the rooms on this level through zenith oriented lighting provided by clerestories and a limited rhythm provided by the wall panel comprising the accesses to the bedrooms. The access to the main room is provided by a passageway which crosses over the hollow area above the living room.
All bedrooms bear south or west and their large windows are protected by horizontally laminated blinds which may be aligned or withdrawn. These laminated surfaces are duplicated in the blind façade bearing north thus endeavoring to create a common wordplay for this level.
In the cellar, in addition to the car-parking areas, to the technical facilities and storage spaces, a games room, cinema area, a music room, a bedroom and two sanitary facilities are also provided, one of the latter to complement the swimming pool.
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