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Sumit Singhal
Sumit Singhal
Sumit Singhal loves modern architecture. He comes from a family of builders who have built more than 20 projects in the last ten years near Delhi in India. He has recently started writing about the architectural projects that catch his imagination.

CENTER FOR INTERPRETATION OF THE BATTLE OF ATOLEIROS in Fronteira, Portugal by Gonçalo Byrne Arquitectos + Oficina Ideias em Linha

 
February 20th, 2014 by Sumit Singhal

Article source: Gonçalo Byrne Arquitectos + Oficina Ideias em Linha

OBJECT

The Center for Interpretation of the Battle of Atoleiros, in Fronteira, is a cultural equipment intended to raise social awareness on the several perspectives over the battle occurred on April 6th 1384, and its importance in the context of the dynastic disputes between the kingdoms of Portugal and Castela, by the end of the XIVth Century.

Image Courtesy © Fernando Guerra

  • Architects: Gonçalo Byrne Arquitectos + Oficina Ideias em Linha
  • Project: CENTER FOR INTERPRETATION OF THE BATTLE OF ATOLEIROS
  • Location: Fronteira, Portugal
  • Photography: Fernando Guerra
  • CLIENT: Município de Fronteira
  • PROJECT YEAR: 2007-2012
  • PROJECT AREA: 935,00 sqm
  • PROJECT TEAM: Doriana Reino, Ana Abrantes, Miguel silva
  • LANDSCAPE ARCHITECT: Marta Byrne
  • STRUCTURAL ENGINEER: Eng.º Miguel Villar e Eng.ª Dina Martins (BETAR, Lda)
  • WATER, DRAINAGE AND FIRE NETWORK PROJECT: Eng.ª Marta Azevedo e Eng.º Jorge Pinheiro (BETAR, Lda)
  • CONTRACTOR: Centrejo
  • SITE COORDINATION & CONSTRUCTION SUPERVISION: Município de Fronteira – Eng.º Rui Ferreira

Image Courtesy © Fernando Guerra

Given the impossibility on plotting the Interpretation Centre on-site, in the battlefield area, the City Council approved its plot in the town core, on a location with high visibility and inserted in an urban park system that simulates and evokes the old battlefield. During the visit to the Interpretation Centre, visitors will experience different visual perspectives of the battle field, but also about the history, through its protagonists and authors, led by the hand of the painter Martins Barata.

Image Courtesy © Fernando Guerra

A large bench, at the end of the exhibition circuit, presents urban park in all its dimensions, rehearsing another exhibition discourse, this made of vegetables and inert elements, a sculptural dimension that simulates the plains and the imagination refers to the Battle of Atoleiros.

Image Courtesy © Fernando Guerra

MATERIALS

The body of the building recalls the tactility of the traditional medieval construction, presenting rough textured surfaces, achieved by the use of pigmented concrete with raw and irregular expression, very close to the primal textures achieved by human hand. This texture is enhanced by interposing lines of schist slabs in the horizontal joints of the building.

Image Courtesy © Fernando Guerra

As a whole, the building generates a gravitational presence; almost an earth sculpture dyed in its own tonalities, evoking time in the spontaneous patina patterns, resembling a stained vertical battlefield, between a small and a larger body, like the two armies in conflict.

Image Courtesy © Fernando Guerra

STRUCTURE

The combined use of concrete walls and a structure formed by a concrete column / beam / slab system, allowed maximal area exploitation and the display of generous exhibition areas.

Through the completion of consoles the structure had acquired more complexity, allowing lateral glazing and motivating an open relationship between inner and outside areas, between exhibition and urban park.

Image Courtesy © Fernando Guerra

ENVIRONMENT

Portuguese southern landscape has a golden / reddish tone. The reddish wash of the building tries to emulate those colors and patterns, therefore reinforcing a sense of belonging.

Color and textures are also enhanced by the usage of the same pitch used on the urban park paving system, serving as an essential framework for the Interpretation Center, yet reinterpreting the battlefield original landscape.

Image Courtesy © Fernando Guerra

Image Courtesy © Fernando Guerra

Image Courtesy © Fernando Guerra

Image Courtesy © Fernando Guerra

Image Courtesy © Fernando Guerra

Image Courtesy © Gonçalo Byrne Arquitectos + Oficina Ideias em Linha

Image Courtesy © Gonçalo Byrne Arquitectos + Oficina Ideias em Linha

Image Courtesy © Gonçalo Byrne Arquitectos + Oficina Ideias em Linha

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Categories: Center, Museum

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