Sumit Singhal loves modern architecture. He comes from a family of builders who have built more than 20 projects in the last ten years near Delhi in India. He has recently started writing about the architectural projects that catch his imagination.
Endesa World Fab Condenser in Barcelona, Spain by MARGEN-LAB
October 2nd, 2014 by Sumit Singhal
Article source: MARGEN-LAB
The pavilion was built with the means of CNC machines and other digital fabrication techniques, during the week of the BCN Fab10 (the 10th international congress on digital fabrication, organised by the Fab Lab Network and hosted this year in Barcelona at IAAC – Institute of Advanced Architecture of Catalonia)
The prototype (Endesa World Fab Condenser) was designed/coded in 2 months, fabricated in 5 days and assembled in 4 days with the help of volunteers coming from Fab Labs all over the world. It consists in a bioclimatic dome. A light structure accurately morphed to optimize natural winds and solar radiation. A textile igloo able to catch and redirect the predominant winds of the Barcelona sea and mountain, the prototype was meant to perform using only passive climatic strategies.
The prototype was designed globally (Margen-Lab in collaboration with IAAC and the Fab Lab Network), sourced locally (using only local organic materials, grown with the sun, linen and wood) and produced locally (local industries and BCN fabrication laboratories).
The ENDESA WORLD FAB CONDENSER is a thermodynamic prototype, a bioclimatic dome installed at the fast-changing Plaça de Glories, within the framework of the BCN FAB10 Congress (the 10th international congress on digital fabrication).The prototype explores connections between parametric design, passive environmental strategies and local digital fabrication.
It was designed globally (Margen-Lab in collaboration with the Fab Lab Network), sourced locally (using only local organic materials, grown with the sun, linen and wood) and produced in proximity industries and Barcelona laboratories. The prototype was designed (coded) in 2 months, fabricated in 5 days and assembled in 4 days, with the help of volunteers coming from Fab Labs all over the world.
Digital technologies are transforming the old ways of understanding prefabrication. They are changing the ways in wich industry manage production. And most importantly, they are changing the interrelations between designers, industries and raw material sourcing.
The pavilion is composed by triangular 20 components. Components are all different but they share identical constructive and material logics.
Parametric design bring us the possibility to work with such geometrical variation, while the identical component logics and digital fabrication technologies speed up communications (design-machine) and production process.
The algorith was produced in 2 months, prefabrication concluded in 5 days and assembly completed in 4 days.
The initial geometry is first adapted to minimize incident solar radiation in summer while maximizing it in winter.
The skin is bulging and open in sail-like geometries to accelerate wind-speeds and facilitate the use of crossed ventilation. Nort-south
The prototype was designed globaly (with the collaboration of the Fab Lab Network) and fabricated locally (using local materials and resources and BCN fabrication laboratories and factories).
All used materials were natural (wood and linen) and locally sourced. The industries and companies involved were medium scale and
Finally, the assembly process is totally reversible. Wood and fabrics can be disassembled, reused or recycled.