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Sumit Singhal
Sumit Singhal
Sumit Singhal loves modern architecture. He comes from a family of builders who have built more than 20 projects in the last ten years near Delhi in India. He has recently started writing about the architectural projects that catch his imagination.

Grønneviksøren Student Apartments in Bergen, Norway by 3RW Arkitekter

 
January 22nd, 2015 by Sumit Singhal

Article source: 3RW Arkitekter

The student houses at Grønneviksøren are an attempt to answer a big challenge in growing cities today. How do we create sustainable architecture for a great number of people – in this case the students – who need homes for a low budget in the city?

Grønneviksøren, as a transformation area, is located just outside of Bergen city center, by a 20 minute walk. It consists of 16 different building groups with varying height up to 8 floors.

Image Courtesy © Cecilie Bannow

Image Courtesy © Cecilie Bannow

  • Architects: 3RW Arkitekter
  • Project: Grønneviksøren Student Apartments
  • Location: Bergen, Norway
  • Photography: Cecilie Bannow
  • Month and year work completed: September 2013
  • Living area: 21 750m2
  • No. of housing units: 727
  • Buildingowner: SIB (Studentsamskipnaden i Bergen)
  • Landscape architect: Smedsvig landskapsarkitekter AS
  • Main engineering firm: Multiconsult AS
  • Main contractors: FaktorIndustrier AS, Norskbetontindustri AS

Image Courtesy © Cecilie Bannow

Image Courtesy © Cecilie Bannow

The project is realized as two separate building blocks. It has an open and visual connection to the surrounding areas and to the city.

The blocks are connected with external galleries addressed towards the open inner courtyards.

The external galleries have a width of 3 meters, which makes them semi public zones.

With the total capacity of approximately 750 students, the project have had a positive impact on the overall rent levels on small living units in Bergen.

Image Courtesy © Cecilie Bannow

Image Courtesy © Cecilie Bannow

Sustainable Aspect

  • The total CO2 emissions account for less than 50% compared to traditional construction.
  • The student houses in Grønneviksøren are a low energy project – less than 150 kWh/m²/year.
  • Environmentally friendly due to local heating infrastructure.
  • “No-cars project”
  • High-tech indoor production of complete housing units with all technical installations factory installed, produced in Norway.
Image Courtesy © Cecilie Bannow

Image Courtesy © Cecilie Bannow

Modular but diverse

The Grønneviksøren student housing is located in a transformation area at the outskirt of the Bergen city core. To ensure the projects overall ambition of a clear and open connection to the surroundings, the housing structure is divided in two separate blocks (quarters) consisting of 16 different buildings. The blocks allow free passage to green courtyards that give both the residence and the public a place to linger.

Image Courtesy © Cecilie Bannow

Image Courtesy © Cecilie Bannow

Grønneviksøren student housing offers 704 small housing units to an affordable rent. The units are prefabricated modules, all shipped from the factory to the site. Today approximately 730 students reside within single, double, collective and family units.

Image Courtesy © Cecilie Bannow

Image Courtesy © Cecilie Bannow

The 16 buildings have a varying height from 4 to 8 floors and are shaped individually by conducting a careful mix of two different module sizes (depths). By using different window sizes and different façade panels and colors, it breaks up the monotony of a modular building system and gives it a lively layer. The result is far from what one might expect from a modular project of this size. Working both with and against the module principal has been crucial to eliminate the risk of creating monotone and characterless architecture.

Image Courtesy © Cecilie Bannow

Image Courtesy © Cecilie Bannow

Within each block each building is connected through external galleries addressing the green courtyards. The galleries width provides access to the individual housing units as well as a spacious common area for the residents. 16 roof terraces at different locations are accessed through the galleries and provide additional areas for social encounters and activity. In the interface between private units and the public courtyards the galleries and roof terraces play an important role that is crucial for the prosperity of both parts.

Grønneviksøren student housing represents one of the largest modular buildings in Europe. With its low cost and varied composition it represents a milestone for prefabricated building projects.

Image Courtesy © Cecilie Bannow

Image Courtesy © Cecilie Bannow

Image Courtesy © Cecilie Bannow

Image Courtesy © Cecilie Bannow

Image Courtesy © Cecilie Bannow

Image Courtesy © Cecilie Bannow

Image Courtesy © Cecilie Bannow

Image Courtesy © Cecilie Bannow

Image Courtesy © Cecilie Bannow

Image Courtesy © Cecilie Bannow

Image Courtesy © 3RW arkitekter

Image Courtesy © 3RW arkitekter

Image Courtesy © 3RW arkitekter

Image Courtesy © 3RW arkitekter

Image Courtesy © 3RW arkitekter

Image Courtesy © 3RW arkitekter

Image Courtesy © 3RW arkitekter

Image Courtesy © 3RW arkitekter

Image Courtesy © 3RW arkitekter

Image Courtesy © 3RW arkitekter

Image Courtesy © 3RW arkitekter

Image Courtesy © 3RW arkitekter

Image Courtesy © 3RW arkitekter

Image Courtesy © 3RW arkitekter

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Categories: Apartments, Housing Development

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