Sumit Singhal loves modern architecture. He comes from a family of builders who have built more than 20 projects in the last ten years near Delhi in India. He has recently started writing about the architectural projects that catch his imagination.
Kindergarden Krč in Prague, Czech Republic by Martin Rajniš
February 6th, 2015 by Sumit Singhal
Article source: Huť architektury Martin Rajniš – Martin Rajniš, David Kubík
The kindergarten includes a café and is located inside the area of the Children’s Integration Centre (CHIC) in Krč. Madam Directress wanted to increase the capacity of the kindergarten based on a demographic study which calculated a significant increase in demand for these services in the coming years.
It is expected that jobs for people with disabilities will be created in the training café. Both functions are necessary here, and bring the required element of social services into the mono-functional housing estate.
Madam Directress wished to have a wooden structure for the legs of the “forest kindergarten”. From the beginning it was clear that this horizontally-designed single-storey wooden building, curled up in the garden among the trees, would be based on a contrast with the twelve-storey buildings all around it.
Unfortunately, pressure on the price, a compromise solution, changes in material design and poor-quality processing by the cheapest companies prevailed during construction. We believe, however, that even under these conditions we managed to put together a human-friendly environment.
The café faces the street, and the one-classroom kindergarten faces toward the south. The technical rooms, toilets, utility rooms and dressing rooms in their minimum dimensions are stacked up on the central dividing wall. The light they receive comes from the roof skylights. In the end, the building filled practically the entire space defined by the distances from the site boundary, the steam pipeline, etc.
Covered terraces, which are located adjacent to the internal spaces of the café and game room, extend the seasonally usable area. Moreover, their attractiveness enhances the adjacent greenery. This transition between the interior and exterior is a favorite among the users.
The building is founded on steel legs, anchored into micropiles that bear the high-bonded trusses. Boards with a mounted CETRIS board are laid between them. The space of the structure is filled with thermal insulation. The floors are sufficiently dimensioned to carry the underfloor heating and a variable load of 400 kg/m².
Furthermore, the building has a classic columnar structure, the structures are diffusely opened outwards, and the facades and roof are ventilated. The supporting wooden structure had to be sheathed with non-combustible boards, as required by the fire code.
The roof structure contains OSB boards with an aluminum layer (OSB Reflex ECO), which reflects heat into the interior and prevents heat radiation from the roof in summertime.
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