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Sumit Singhal
Sumit Singhal
Sumit Singhal loves modern architecture. He comes from a family of builders who have built more than 20 projects in the last ten years near Delhi in India. He has recently started writing about the architectural projects that catch his imagination.

Oita Prefectural Art Museum in Japan by Shigeru Ban Architects

 
August 18th, 2015 by Sumit Singhal

Article source: Shigeru Ban Architects

Typical museums are usually a closed building type which prevents the public from knowing what activities are going on inside and deprives them of the chance to enjoy art.

Image Courtesy © Hiroyuki Hirai

Image Courtesy © Hiroyuki Hirai

  • Architects: Shigeru Ban Architects 
  • Project: Oita Prefectural Art Museum
  • Location: Oita, Japan
  • Photography: Hiroyuki Hirai

Image Courtesy © Hiroyuki Hirai

Image Courtesy © Hiroyuki Hirai

This Museum aims to draw even those who are not Art-lovers, to visit regularly and enjoy the Museum as a gathering place for the public. The ground floor atrium is a two-story high open space entirely enclosed by glass making the museum activities transparent from the street.

Image Courtesy © Hiroyuki Hirai

Image Courtesy © Hiroyuki Hirai

Image Courtesy © Hiroyuki Hirai

Image Courtesy © Hiroyuki Hirai

The atrium is always free for everyone and can be enjoyed as a civic space. There are a cafe and museum shop that is designed to be movable so they can relocate to adjust to the spatial requirements of exhibition layouts within Exhibition Room A.

Image Courtesy © Hiroyuki Hirai

Image Courtesy © Hiroyuki Hirai

Image Courtesy © Hiroyuki Hirai

Image Courtesy © Hiroyuki Hirai

This exhibition room is formed by using movable walls to divide parts of the atrium into typical closed gallery rooms, or into what transforms the entire atrium into an exhibition space. The atrium is constantly changing with each exhibit, so that with each visit, there is a fresh impression of the space.

Image Courtesy © Hiroyuki Hirai

Image Courtesy © Hiroyuki Hirai

Image Courtesy © Hiroyuki Hirai

Image Courtesy © Hiroyuki Hirai

Furthermore, the entire southern street-side facade of the atrium is composed of operable bi-folding glass doors which can fully open to become a semi-outdoor public space allowing visitors to enter freely. This public space is borne from the idea of the traditional Japanese “Engawa”, which is the covered outdoor space bordering the perimeter of traditional Japanese houses.

Image Courtesy © Hiroyuki Hirai

Image Courtesy © Hiroyuki Hirai

Image Courtesy © Hiroyuki Hirai

Image Courtesy © Hiroyuki Hirai

A glass facade can create a visual connection between interior and exterior, but still exists as a transparent wall physically separating the spaces. By removing this wall, the museum becomes a facility that becomes one with the city. Also, when the city closes off the fronting street to become what they call a “pedestrian’s paradise”, the street becomes a connected public space.Combined with the cultural center directly opposite of the museum, it is possible to hold huge events together centered around these two cultural facilities, further reinforcing the energy and spirit of Oita City.

Image Courtesy © Hiroyuki Hirai

Image Courtesy © Hiroyuki Hirai

Image Courtesy © Hiroyuki Hirai

Image Courtesy © Hiroyuki Hirai

Image Courtesy © Hiroyuki Hirai

Image Courtesy © Hiroyuki Hirai

Image Courtesy © Hiroyuki Hirai

Image Courtesy © Hiroyuki Hirai

Image Courtesy © Hiroyuki Hirai

Image Courtesy © Hiroyuki Hirai

Image Courtesy © Hiroyuki Hirai

Image Courtesy © Hiroyuki Hirai

Image Courtesy © Hiroyuki Hirai

Image Courtesy © Hiroyuki Hirai

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Category: Museum

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