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Sumit Singhal
Sumit Singhal
Sumit Singhal loves modern architecture. He comes from a family of builders who have built more than 20 projects in the last ten years near Delhi in India. He has recently started writing about the architectural projects that catch his imagination.

Sant Miquel Special Education School in Sant Feliu de Llobregat, Spain by Pepe Gascón Arquitectura

 
November 4th, 2015 by Sumit Singhal

Article source: Pepe Gascón Arquitectura

Apart from its mere built container, a school is nothing more than a place where teaching and learning take place. This project, therefore, reflects the desire to interact with the city, revealing the flows and activities that occur within the immediate environment of the site.

Image Courtesy © José Hevia

Image Courtesy © José Hevia

  • Architects: Pepe Gascón Arquitectura
  • Project: Sant Miquel Special Education School
  • Location:  Sant Feliu de Llobregat, Spain
  • Photography: José Hevia
  • Software used: Autocad
  • Collaborators: Jesús Gallego
  • Client: Municipality of Sant Feliu de Llobregat (Barcelona), Spain
  • Contractor: XEDEX, SA (Barcelona), Spain
  • Project direction:
    • Pepe Gascón Colomer (architect)
    • Josep Gascón Canals (technical architect)
  • Health and Safety Coordination: Antoni Herrera (architect)
  • Project year: 2010
  • Completion date: 2011
  • Project area: 1492, 75 m2
  • Cost: 1.765.329, 75 €
  • Other collaborators:
    • Jordi Escofet (engineer)
    • Estudio de arquitectura e ingeniería DCE 2002, SL (structural engineering)

Image Courtesy © José Hevia

Image Courtesy © José Hevia

Moreover, this school converges with the work of the Xamfrà Sant Miquel Foundation, which is devoted to preparing young people from 16 to 20 years with mild mental disabilities for integration into employment: we are committed to integrating its pupils into society and work so that they form part of the social fabric. In view of this goal of generating relations, the structure of the new building is resolved by a rhythmic sequence of slender perimeter ribs, which line the building front.

Image Courtesy © José Hevia

Image Courtesy © José Hevia

Image Courtesy © José Hevia

Image Courtesy © José Hevia

This solution creates better-lighted, more open and highly versatile spaces. However, above all, it generates a front that is permeable in both directions: from the school towards the city, and from the city to the interior spaces. Moreover, in the existing building that formerly housed the old stables, the original windows over the front are bricked over, though slightly sunken in order to conserve the historic memory of this element.

Image Courtesy © José Hevia

Image Courtesy © José Hevia

Image Courtesy © José Hevia

Image Courtesy © José Hevia

The new rectangular openings that are installed, and are in contrast with the old windows, frame the urban landscape almost in the manner of a painting by Antonio López. The project employs volumetric force to resolve the complex, irregular geometry of the site. For instance, a triangular volume, with ground floor and basement, adjoins the north side (providing optimal lighting for study), whilst the rectangle of the existing building occupies the east corner. The triangular extension is lowrise in order to minimise the environmental impact of new works. Finally, a courtyard provides the rooms in the basement with natural light and ventilation.

Image Courtesy © José Hevia

Image Courtesy © José Hevia

Image Courtesy © José Hevia

Image Courtesy © José Hevia

All routes through the common zones in the school (stairs, landings, corridors and vestibules) are designed to become “places of social attraction” – spaces for encounters, meetings and exchanges, generously proportioned, enjoying natural lighting and, always, open to the city as backdrop.

Image Courtesy © José Hevia

Image Courtesy © José Hevia

Image Courtesy © José Hevia

Image Courtesy © José Hevia

In order to frame views of the city itself, the perimeter structure is painted black, like a picture frame, whilst the interior finishes are given austere, light colours. It will be the future users, therefore, whose presence imbues the school with life and colour, leaving the architecture as a neutral, yet orderly, frame for the students and teachers.

Image Courtesy © José Hevia

Image Courtesy © José Hevia

Image Courtesy © José Hevia

Image Courtesy © José Hevia

In short, all the decisions taken to define the project seek to further these rich and subtle relations between the interior and the exterior. The solutions include, for example, the design of the steel net “non-fence”, the patterned front, the light-filled common spaces, the new windows over the existing building and the longitudinal skylight that provides the overall architecture for communications. All these solutions are aimed particularly at generating relations between the inhabitants and the immediate landscape of the city, precisely so that this place can become a space for teaching and learning.

Image Courtesy © José Hevia

Image Courtesy © José Hevia

Image Courtesy © José Hevia

Image Courtesy © José Hevia

Image Courtesy © José Hevia

Image Courtesy © José Hevia

Image Courtesy © Pepe Gascón Arquitectura

Image Courtesy © Pepe Gascón Arquitectura

Image Courtesy © Pepe Gascón Arquitectura

Image Courtesy © Pepe Gascón Arquitectura

Image Courtesy © Pepe Gascón Arquitectura

Image Courtesy © Pepe Gascón Arquitectura

Image Courtesy © Pepe Gascón Arquitectura

Image Courtesy © Pepe Gascón Arquitectura

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Categories: Autocad, Educational Center, School

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