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Sumit Singhal
Sumit Singhal
Sumit Singhal loves modern architecture. He comes from a family of builders who have built more than 20 projects in the last ten years near Delhi in India. He has recently started writing about the architectural projects that catch his imagination.

“Great Amber” Concert Hall in Liepaja, Latvia by Giencke & Company Architects

 
November 24th, 2015 by Sumit Singhal

Article source: Giencke & Company Architects

Designed by Graz architect Volker Giencke, the Great Amber Concert Hall has been inaugurated on 7 November in Liepaja, Latvia. The first – and most momentous – phase of this multistage project envisioning the construction of a cultural urban district is thus completed. In 2003, Volker Giencke won the international architectural competition for a new cultural centre in this traditional seaport on the Baltic Sea. The construction work started in 2013.

GA, Image Courtesy © Indriėis Stūrmanis

GA, Image Courtesy © Indriėis Stūrmanis

  • Architects: Giencke & Company Architects
  • Project: “Great Amber” Concert Hall
  • Location: Liepaja, Latvia
  • Photography: Indriėis Stūrmanis, Giencke&Company, Aigars Prūsis, Merks Ltd
  • Software used: Rhino, Autocad, Scia, Nemetschek
  • General planner: Giencke & Company – Latvija PS, Riga
  • Author & Architect: Volker Giencke
  • Planning: Volker Giencke & Company, Graz
  • Project management: Petra Friedl
  • Acoustics: Müller BBM, Karlheinz Müller, Munich/Planegg
GA_close, Image Courtesy © Indriėis Stūrmanis

GA_close, Image Courtesy © Indriėis Stūrmanis

  • Structural engineer: Johann Birner, Graz
  • Partner architect: SIA Arhitekta J. Pogas Birojs, Riga
  • General contractor: SIA Merks, Riga
  • Gross floor area: 16,523 m²
  • Building volume: 82,400 m³
  • Building height: 30 m
  • Concert Hall of Liepaja Symphony Orchestra: 1,024 seats
  • Chamber Hall: 154 seats
GA_Facade, Image Courtesy © Giencke&Company

GA_Facade, Image Courtesy © Giencke&Company

“Great Amber” is a monolithic, cone-shaped, slightly contorted structure with a transparent, ambercoloured façade. This façade envelops the irregular folded work of the concrete structure built around the building’s most important architectural element: the grand Concert Hall providing seating for more than 1,000 visitors.

GA_viewfromcanal, Image Courtesy © Indriėis Stūrmanis

GA_viewfromcanal, Image Courtesy © Indriėis Stūrmanis

GA_viewfromcanal, Image Courtesy © Indriėis Stūrmanis

GA_viewfromcanal, Image Courtesy © Indriėis Stūrmanis

The hall itself is surrounded by the rooms of the Liepaja Symphony Orchestra and the Music School’s instruction and rehearsal rooms, thus producing a favourable blend of space to foster communication between artists, students and teachers. An additional Chamber Hall situated beneath the Concert Hall as well as a Ballet Studio and an Experimental Stage with a foyer, Bar & Music Club on the fifth floor complete the spatial concept.

GA_viewfromcanal, Image Courtesy © Indriėis Stūrmanis

GA_viewfromcanal, Image Courtesy © Indriėis Stūrmanis

GA_BirdView BalticSea, Image Courtesy © Indriėis Stūrmanis

GA_BirdView BalticSea, Image Courtesy © Indriėis Stūrmanis

The Concert Hall can also be adapted for congresses, exhibitions and receptions by elevating the orchestra pit and the stalls. Moreover, “Civita Nova” offers an additional 2,000 m² of space for multifunctional events, thus fully responding to the architect’s idea of “Great Amber” as a venue catering for all kinds of purposes that is freely accessible to the people of Liepaja.

GA_BirdView, Image Courtesy © Aigars Prūsis

GA_BirdView, Image Courtesy © Aigars Prūsis

GA_Night, Image Courtesy © Aigars Prūsis

GA_Night, Image Courtesy © Aigars Prūsis

Volker Giencke also developed the acoustics concept together with Karlheinz Müller / Müller-BBM, Munich; they achieved excellent results, with acoustics based on the principle of an oval, terraced vineyard. Reaching high above the roof, fourteen mirror-finished reflective tubes flood the Concert Hall with daylight, creating a unique atmosphere inside.

Light plays a key role at the façade of “Great Amber”, too. Attached to a delicately interwoven steel construction, its amber-coloured glazing bathes the inside area in soft warm light. At night, the building turns into a transparent luminous element, making its interior and many different functions visible from the outside. During the day, the building’s external glazing glows in varying surrounding colours and shades, offering truly stunning impressions. Convincing in terms of both architecture and content, this symbolic effect emphasises “Great Amber’s” connection to the city. It is a new landmark of modern Liepaja.

GA_ConcertHall_ViewtoStage, Image Courtesy © Indriėis Stūrmanis

GA_ConcertHall_ViewtoStage, Image Courtesy © Indriėis Stūrmanis

GA_ConcertHall_ViewAuditorium1, Image Courtesy © Indriėis Stūrmanis

GA_ConcertHall_ViewAuditorium1, Image Courtesy © Indriėis Stūrmanis

Chamber Music Hall inaugurated on October 18, 2015 with the Berlin Philharmonic String Quintet

The Chamber Music Hall was inaugurated on 18th October with a festive concert featuring the Berlin Philharmonic String Quintet. Latvian born double bass player of the Berlin Philharmonic String Quintet Gunars Upatnieks says, full of enthusiasm: “It’s an amazing feeling! For us, it was a twofold premiere, seeing the Concert Hall for the first time and playing this concert for the first time in this lineup. The acoustics were excellent!”

The acoustic concept of Müller-BBM

The grand Concert Hall has a seating capacity of over 1,000. Its acoustically effective volume is around 11,200 m³. When the hall and the orchestra podium are fully occupied, reverberation time still reaches 1.8 to 2.0 seconds, increasing again towards the lower frequencies, thus lending the necessary warmth to the sound.

GA_ConcertHall_ViewAuditorium2, Image Courtesy © Indriėis Stūrmanis

GA_ConcertHall_ViewAuditorium2, Image Courtesy © Indriėis Stūrmanis

GA_ConcertHall_ViewfromBalkony, Image Courtesy © Merks Ltd

GA_ConcertHall_ViewfromBalkony, Image Courtesy © Merks Ltd

Perfect conditions for classical concert performances. With its tiers and balconies, the form of the hall follows the classic terraced vineyard pattern, thus enabling intimate proximity to the artists on the podium while everyone in the auditorium still enjoys the full spatial acoustics, no matter where they sit. Filigree decorative elements on the ceilings and walls effect a diffuse blend of acoustics for well-balanced sound quality without excessive clarity.

GA_CivitaNova, Image Courtesy © Indriėis Stūrmanis

GA_CivitaNova, Image Courtesy © Indriėis Stūrmanis

GA_CivitaNova, Image Courtesy © Indriėis Stūrmanis

GA_CivitaNova, Image Courtesy © Indriėis Stūrmanis

The Chamber Music Hall has a seating capacity of 180 and an acoustically effective volume of 1,200 m³, guaranteeing well-balanced and sophisticated sound quality at chamber music performances. Behind large white acoustically transparent wall coverings made of fabric, variable sound absorbent curtains are used to reduce long natural reverberation times in both halls.

GA_CivitaNova, Image Courtesy © Indriėis Stūrmanis

GA_CivitaNova, Image Courtesy © Indriėis Stūrmanis

GA_CivitaNova, Image Courtesy © Indriėis Stūrmanis

GA_CivitaNova, Image Courtesy © Indriėis Stūrmanis

Together with permanently installed sound reinforcement systems, this type of sound absorption ensures very good speech and consonant intelligibility in both halls. It is therefore possible to use the concert halls, especially the larger one, for non-musical events such as conferences, lectures and congresses. “It is a wonder, something really special that only happens once in a hundred years”, is how Indulis Kalns, a well-known local architect, has characterised the amazing new building. And he is quite right: it is a wonder – to marvel at, to touch and above all, to listen to.

GA_FoyerNorth, Image Courtesy © Indriėis Stūrmanis

GA_FoyerNorth, Image Courtesy © Indriėis Stūrmanis

GA_CivitaNova, Image Courtesy © Indriėis Stūrmanis

GA_CivitaNova, Image Courtesy © Indriėis Stūrmanis

GA_Foyer, Image Courtesy © Indriėis Stūrmanis

GA_Foyer, Image Courtesy © Indriėis Stūrmanis

Image Courtesy © Giencke & Company Architects

Image Courtesy © Giencke & Company Architects

Image Courtesy © Giencke & Company Architects

Image Courtesy © Giencke & Company Architects

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Categories: Autocad, Building, complex, Concert hall, Nemetschek, Rhino

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