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World Horticultural Expo Theme Pavilion in Qingdao, China by UNStudio

Saturday, June 7th, 2014

Article source: UNStudio

The World Horticultural Expo 2014 takes place the Chinese city of Qingdao (from April to October 2014) and is expected to attract 15 million international visitors. The main theme of the expo is ‘From the Earth, For the Earth’s and aims to encourage the exchange of culture, technology and horticultural knowledge.

Image Courtesy © Edmon Leong

Image Courtesy © Edmon Leong

  • Architects: UNStudio
  • Project: World Horticultural Expo Theme Pavilion
  • Location: Qingdao, China
  • Photography: Edmon Leong
  • Building surface: 35.000m2
  • Building volume: 168.000m3
  • Building site: 35.000m2
  • Programme: Main Expo Pavilion including Expo Hall, Grand Theater, Conference Center and Media Hub
  • Status: Realised
  • UNStudio: Ben van Berkel, Hannes Pfau, Gerard Loozekoot with Markus van Aalderen, Joerg Petri, Milena Stopic, Yu-Chen Liu and Cong Ye, Irina Bogdan, Xing Xiong, Maud van Hees, ShuoJiong Zhang, Philipp Mecke, Maya Alam, Junjie Yan, Gilles Greis, Subhajit Das, Erwin Horstmanshof, Faiz Zohri, Andrew Brown, Patrik Noomé, Amanda Chan, Nanang Santoso
  • Landscape Architect: !melk landscape architecture PC, New York
  • Structure engineering: Qingdao Architectural Design Institute (QUADI)



Friday, May 30th, 2014


The medicine Faculty completes the facilities on the Arrixaca Hospital grounds. The nature of the site and the brief give it a degree of independence from the rest of the precinct in both its use and character, eschewing the peculiar hospital image.

The project is understood as a neutral, compact, petrous box with four and two heights. Inwardly ‘projected void’ are used to tense the box and generate spaces in diverse scales and qualities. The vestibule space thus arises from the confrontation between two voids of a different nature, one measuring 15 x 15 x 15 m (interior) and the other 9 x 9 x 6 m (exterior) which compress and tense it vertically. The transition between the successive episodes: void (entrance space), vertical vestibule space and void (central patio), each one with its own properties, sets the main time and spatial theme of the project.

Image Courtesy © HISAO SUZUKI

Image Courtesy © HISAO SUZUKI

  • Location: MURCIA, SPAIN
  • Photography: HISAO SUZUKI
  • Project date: 1996-1997
  • Built date: 1998-2001

Team project  

  • Structure engineering: H.C.A. INGENIEROS
  • Installations engineering: G.E. INGENIEROS


The Energetic Pavilion by Michael Jantzen

Wednesday, May 28th, 2014

Article source: Michael Jantzen

The Energetic Pavilion is a public art gathering place structure that explores the boundaries between sculpture, craft, and architecture. The painted steel portion of the structure is mounted onto a concrete platform made from three overlapping circular disks. The disks progress in diameter forming steps that lead to an entrance through the side of the pavilion.

Image Courtesy © Michael Jantzen

Image Courtesy © Michael Jantzen


Montenegro Pavilion

Saturday, May 24th, 2014

Article source: SADAR+VUGA

The Montenegro Pavilion presents four examples of late-modernist architecture that were built in Montenegro between 1960 and 1986: Dom Revolucije, Hotel Fjord, Kayak Club “Galeb,” and Spomen Dom. Curated by an international group of architects and architectural critics, the exhibition seeks to start a conversation about urban regeneration in Montenegro and the future of the former Yugoslavia’s architecture.

When the four buildings on display first opened, they radiated their builders’ enthusiasm and confidence about the new society they were building. Today, only a few decades later, these buildings embody the complete opposite: poorly used (if at all) and maintained (if ever completed), they are a testament to the failure of modernism and the breakdown of Yugoslavia. Nobody seems to be able to recognize their value, hence their fate seems sealed: decay and demolition.

But how can something that was born out of a collective optimism lose its promise in such a short period of time? Is the demise of these buildings really due to an intrinsic lack of quality, or have we been unable to treat them with enough empathy to awaken a dormant potential that might be hidden underneath the patina of our own ideological disenchantment with modernism?

The curators of this pavilion believe it is the latter. These buildings represent a cultural resource that is too precious to destroy; if given a second chance, they will surprise us with their unique spatial, programmatic, and social potential. The aim of the exhibition is therefore to help the audience, through architectural representations of the interiors and exteriors of the four buildings, discover the uncanny beauty of structures that, while they look like ruins today, are nothing but treasures in disguise.

Project currated and produced by:

  • Boštjan Vuga (SADAR+VUGA),
  • Dijana Vučinić (DVARP),
  • Simon Hartmann (HHF Architects),
  • Ilka & Andreas Ruby (Ruby Press), and
  • Nebojša Adžić

Exhibition Details:
Opening: Thursday June 5, 2014, 6 PM
Press conference: Thursday June 5, 2014, 5 PM
Exhibition: June 7 to November 23, 2014, 10 AM to 6 PM
Address: Palazzo Malipiero, Ramo Malipiero San Marco, 3079
For further information, please visit

About the buildings:

Image courtesy of Marko Mušić’s archive

Image courtesy of Marko Mušić’s archive

Dom Revolucije

  • Architect: Marko Mušić
  • Location: Nikšić, Montenegro
  • Years of construction: 1979-1989, unfinished
  • Area (built): 20,468 square meters

Dom Revolucije (“Revolution Home” in English) was built as a memorial to those who died during the Second World War and as a landmark and cultural center for the city of Nikšić. At the time, Nikšić was growing as an industrial center in Yugoslavia. During the design process, the surface area of Dom Revolucije tripled from its original 7,230 square meters to 21,738 square meters. The construction work on the building stopped in 1989.

Image by Jovana Miljanic

Image by Jovana Miljanic

Hotel Fjord

  • Architect: Zlatko Ugljen
  • Location: Kotor, Montenegro
  • Year of construction: 1986
  • Area: 13,360 square meters

Hotel Fjord stands in a prime location, at the very end of Boka Kotorska Bay and close to the old town of Kotor, a UNESCO-protected site. The design by Zlatko Ugljen, a Yugoslavian architect of Bosnian origin, was selected through an open architecture competition. When it was completed in 1986, the hotel had 155 rooms, 4 suites, and many amenities, including restaurants, bars, tennis courts, a swimming pool, and a conference center. After nineteen years of operating as a hotel, the building was privatized and sold. In 2005, it was closed down and slated for demolition, and today it is vacant and unused.

Image courtesy of the National Archive of Montenegro

Image courtesy of the National Archive of Montenegro

Kayak Club “Galeb”

  • Architect: Vukota Tupa Vukotić
  • Location: Podgorica, Montenegro
  • Year of construction: 1960
  • Area: 411.50 square meters

Kayak Club “Galeb” is located in Podgorica, on the left bank of Morača river and just above Labud beach. Initially, the building included a restaurant, beach café, and kayaking club, combining sports, recreation, and leisure. “Galeb” was abandoned after several attempts to maintain the beach bar; the original kayaking club did not last longer than one summer. The building is currently used by the kayaking club Morača, but it is in very poor condition and closed to the public.

Image by Luka Bošković Photography

Image by Luka Bošković Photography

Spomen Dom

  • Architect: Marko Mušić
  • Location: Kolašin, Montenegro
  • Year of construction: 1976
  • Area: 3,220 square meters

Spomen Dom (“Memorial Home” in English) is located in the city center of Kolašin, in the northern part of Montengro. It was built to commemorate the first assembly of the National Anti-Fascist Council for the National Liberation of Montenegro and Boka, the southern region of Montenegro, and functioned as a cultural and administrative center for Kolašin and its surrounding areas. The local authorities maintained the building up until the early 90s, but since then its maintenance costs have been removed from the region’s budget. The building is therefore in very poor condition today. A few years ago, they considered demolishing it in order to build a new tourism complex on the site. However, this plan has been stalled by the economic crisis. The building is still used today for municipal administration and by local political parties. It is also considered one of Montenegro’s most beautiful examples of post-war architecture.

About the curators:
Boštjan Vuga is the co-director (with Jurij Sadar) of the award-winning Slovenian architecture office SADAR+VUGA, which focuses on open, innovative, and integral architectural design and urban planning. Vuga regularly lectures at architectural schools, conferences, and symposia in Slovenia and at institutions abroad. He is currently a guest professor at the University of Applied Sciences, Münster. Vuga guest edited two issues of the Architects’ Bulletin (ab) and has written about current events in architecture and urban planning for diverse publications.

Dijana Vučinić is a practicing architect from Montenegro. She recently founded DVARP, an interdisciplinary architectural and design practice with projects that range from urban design and residential buildings to stage design. She is also the founder of the Kotor Architectural Prison Summer School (APSS), a platform for further research on and development of urban structures in Kotor, Montenegro. Vučinić writes for several periodicals and scholarly publications in Montenegro and is also a co-founder and member of the Urbanism and Architecture Association of Montenegro.

Simon Hartmann studied architecture at the ETH Lausanne, Technische Universität Berlin, and ETH Zürich. In 2002, he became a teaching assistant at the ETH Studio Basel, an institute for urban research, and in 2003, he co-founded HHF Architects with Simon Frommenwiler and Tilo Herlach. Between 2009 and 2011, Hartmann taught as a professor at the Hochschule für Technik und Architektur Freiburg, where he now teaches the Joint Master of Architecture program. Since 2010, Hartmann has been a member of the Federation of Swiss Architects.

Ilka & Andreas Ruby publish, curate, teach, and consult on issues around architecture and urbanism. Trained as an architect and an architectural historian, respectively, Ilka Ruby and Andreas Ruby are the founders of textbild, an office for architectural communication, and Ruby Press, an award-winning publishing house based in Berlin. They have organized several international symposia on architecture and design, such as the “Min to Max” symposium on affordable housing. In 2012, they curated the exhibition Druot, Lacaton & Vassal—Tour Bois le Prêtre for the German Architecture Museum in Frankfurt.

Ilka & Andreas Ruby are the founders of the German architecture debate platform Nebojša Adžić is the current president of the Union of Architects of Montenegro and the founder of the first Montenegrin salon of architecture. He is one of the first architects in Montenegro to promote and apply sustainable, ecological, and energy-efficient design. From 2003 and 2008, he worked as an assistant during the development of the University of Montenegro’s Faculty of Architecture in Podgorica. Adžić is currently involved in an urban renewal project in his hometown of Nikšić.

The Hanging Shade Tree Pavilion by Michael Jantzen

Tuesday, May 20th, 2014

Article source: Michael Jantzen

The Hanging Shade Tree Pavilion is a public art proposal that incorporates trees into the steel support structure in a way that is not only celebratory, but also functional. The galvanized steel support frame is about 42 feet square, and 16 feet tall. It is anchored to a 50 foot square base of decomposed granite.

Image Courtesy © Michael Jantzen

Image Courtesy © Michael Jantzen


Espaço Anhembi in São Paulo, Brazil by Terra e Tuma Arquitetos Associados

Thursday, May 8th, 2014

Article source: Terra e Tuma Arquitetos Associados

This building is part of the Sambódromo, designed by Oscar Niemeyer in 1993, in the city of São Paulo. It’s a new pavilion designed to receive the events of the city and located in the Parque Anhembi.

The building is able to accept up to 3200 people. There area has two main towers that provide the support and create a central void, providing flexibility and diversity in the usage of the space.

Image Courtesy © Pedro Kok

Image Courtesy © Pedro Kok

  • Architects: Terra e Tuma Arquitetos Associados
  • Project: Espaço Anhembi
  • Location: São Paulo, Brazil
  • Photography: Pedro Kok
  • Year of the Project: 2011
  • Construction conclusion: 2012
  • Total FloorArea: 5079 m²
  • Design Team: Danilo Terra, Pedro Tuma, Juliana Assali, Bruna Hashimoto, Giulia Sofia Galante, Zeno Muica
  • Engeneering Company: MINUANO ENGENHARIA, Jasel Neme, Cibele Báez Neme, Roberto Abou Assali
  • Structure: Jasel Neme
  • Construction: JZ Engenharia


The M-velopes by Michael Jantzen

Wednesday, April 30th, 2014

Article source: Michael Jantzen

This M-Velope is one in a series of functional art retreat structures designed to be used as special places in which to escape from the norm. These structures vary in size and shape, and most are made of sustainably grown wood that is colored with environmentally friendly stains or paints. In every case, the design of the M-velope’s are generated from simpler forms that are subdivided, hinged together, and folded in or out of the original form in order to create unexpected transformations.

Image Courtesy © Michael Jantzen

Image Courtesy © Michael Jantzen


The M-pavilion
 (A special place to party) by Michael Jantzen

Tuesday, April 29th, 2014

Article source: Michael Jantzen

The M-pavilion is a modular, functional art structure, made from sustainably grown Western Red Cedar wood, and colored green with an eco-friendly paint.
 The structure is composed of about 350 square feet of partially shaded deck platforms, supported by eleven four foot by eight-foot support frame modules that do not need a special foundation. Twenty-five hinged panels (covered with wood slates) are attached to these support frame modules.

Image Courtesy © Michael Jantzen

Overview of the M-pavilion, Image Courtesy © Michael Jantzen

  • Architects: Michael Jantzen
  • Project: The M-pavilion 
(A special place to party)


Spanish Pavilion for Expo 2008 in Zaragoza, Spain by Francisco Mangado

Tuesday, April 15th, 2014

Article source: Francisco Mangado

The desire to reproduce the space of a forest, or of a group of bamboos on a layer of water, has formed the subconscious basis of the project. On the one hand there is the creation of a… building mechanism? able to generate extraordinary possibilities from the point of view of energy logic and environmental awareness, an essential and symbolic aspect for the future Spanish Pavilion at the International Exposition of Zaragoza. But on the other hand, and this is very important, one of the most attractive spaces one may encounter, both in terms of matter and light, is transferred to the field of architecture. Changing spaces, full of hints and nuances, in which concepts such as verticality and depth play an essential role.

Image Courtesy © Pedro Pegenaute

  • Architects: Francisco Mangado
  • Project: Spanish Pavilion for Expo 2008
  • Location: Zaragoza, Spain
  • Photography: Pedro Pegenaute
  • Construction area: 8.000 m2
  • Budget: 18.502.000,00 €
  • Competition: First prize competition, 2005
  • Project: 2005-2006
  • Construction: 2006- 2008
  • Client: SEEI (State Society for International Exhibitions)
  • Project management: Francisco Mangado
  • Design Team: José Gastaldo, Richard Král’ovič, Cristina Chu, Hugo Mónica, César Martín.
  • Structural engineering: NB 35 SL (Jesús Jiménez Cañas / Alberto López) Ingenieros.
  • Energy-efficiency: Iturralde y Sagüés ingenieros, Fundación CENER-CIEMAT.
  • Lighting: ALS Lighting. Arquitectos consultores de iluminación (Antón Amann).
  • Quantity surveyor: Fernando Oliván, Vicente de Lucas.
  • Contractor: Constructora San José
  • Site managers: Carlos Riveiro, Antonio Ignacio Framiñan, Carlos Paz.

Austrian Pavilion EXPO 2015 in Milan, Italy by Paolo Venturella Architecture

Wednesday, April 2nd, 2014

Article source: Paolo Venturella Architecture

The main concept of the pavillion is to create two different spaces. One for the exhibition and another one for a big greenhouse. They are connected to allow people to walk in a unique single space. The greenhouse is the place where people can pick up and eat food directly from the hortus.

Image Courtesy © wemage

  • Architects: Paolo Venturella Architecture
  • Project: Austrian Pavilion EXPO 201
  • Location: Milan, Italy
  • Photography: wemage
  • Software Used: Rhinoceros and Grasshopper
  • Team Design: FabrizioFuriassi, Manuel Tonati, AngeloBalducci
  • Year: 2013
  • Type: competition
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