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Sumit Singhal
Sumit Singhal
Sumit Singhal loves modern architecture. He comes from a family of builders who have built more than 20 projects in the last ten years near Delhi in India. He has recently started writing about the architectural projects that catch his imagination.

Docks de paris in France by Jakob + MacFarlane

August 2nd, 2011 by Sumit Singhal

Article source: Jakob + MacFarlane

The Docks of Paris is a long, thin building built in concrete at the turn of the last century. It was a depot for goods brought up the Seine by barge, which were deposited, and then transferred to dray or train.

Image Courtesy Nicolas Borel

  • Architects: Jakob + MacFarlane
  • Project: Docks de paris
  • Location: Paris, France
  • Photographer: Nicolas Borel
  • Software used: Autocad & Rhino

Image Courtesy Nicolas Borel

The city of Paris launched a competition to create a new cultural program and building on this site. Whether or not to keep the existing concrete structure was a choice left to the participants. Jakob+MacFarlane opted to retain the existing structure and use it to form and influence the new project.

Image Courtesy Nicolas Borel

The existing structure was built in 1907 as an industrial warehouse facility for the Port of Paris and was the first reinforced concrete building in Paris.  The 3 story structure was conceived as a series of 4 pavilions, each with one 10m wide bay and four 7.5m wide bays.  On the level corresponding to the Quai Austerlitz, the 10m bay is accessible from the street with the other bays roughly 1.25m higher, facilitating the storing and loading of materials for transport.

Image Courtesy Nicolas Borel

The concept of the new project is known as a ‘Plug-Over’. Here, the idea was to create a new external skin that is inspired primarily by the flux of the Seine and the promenades along the sides of the river banks. The skin both protects the existing structure and forms a new layer containing most of the public circulation systems and added program, as well as creating a new top floor to the existing building.

Image Courtesy Nicolas Borel

The new structural system supporting this skin is the result of a systematic deformation of the existing conceptual grid of the docks building. An arborescent generating method is used to create a new system from the existing system, that is, ‘growing’ the new building from the old as new branches grow on a tree. This skin is created principally from a glass exterior skin, steel structure, wood decking and grassed, faceted roofscape.

Image Courtesy Nicolas Borel

The ‘Plug-Over’ operates not only as a way of exploiting the maximum building envelope but enables a continuous public path to move up through the building from the lowest level alongside the Seine to the roof deck and back down, a kind of continuous loop enabling the building to become part of the urban condition.

The programme is a rich mix centred on the themes of design and fashion, including exhibition spaces, the French Fashion Institute (IFM), music producers, bookshops, cafes, and a restaurant.

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Categories: Autocad, Building, Rhino, Warehouse

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