Sumit Singhal loves modern architecture. He comes from a family of builders who have built more than 20 projects in the last ten years near Delhi in India. He has recently started writing about the architectural projects that catch his imagination.
Chennai Airport in India by Creative Group
January 14th, 2017 by Sumit Singhal
Article source: Creative Group
The principal aim of designing Chennai Airport was to minimize the heat gain and maximize the day lighting throughout the terminal as much as possible. High level of sustainability in nearly every aspect of design, including restoration of the native landscape, passive energy conservation strategies, material selection, onsite storm water detention, and on site waste water treatment and dispersal systems are being aimed at.
Chennai Airport, which is a prominent gateway to South India, has been specially designed for attaining a high level of sustainability in nearly every aspect of design. With its beautiful lush green gardens and smart calculative design, this structure is a landmark in the architectural world which redefines the future possibilities. This project, which is termed as “The Greenest Airport “ by The Architectural Record is designed by Ms Creative Group, under the charismatic leadership of Prof. Charanjit Shah and Ar. Gurpreet Shah. Creative Group, in association with Gensler and Frederic Schwartz Architects, won the international design competition for Chennai Airport in 2007 on the basis of its innovative energy efficient design. This mega infrastructure project of Airports Authority of India is built with a cost of Rs 2012 Crores which sprawls over a total area of more than 2,50,000 Sqm.
Creative Group, with its endeavour to attain sustainable architectural designs, has created a mega structure which harmonizes engineering and nature. Chennai Airport effortlessly transcends human relationship with earth and air travel.
The Chennai Airport, one of the Asia’s largest green Terminals covers a total site area of 100 acres. The terminal buildings, with elegant 300 m twin winglike hovering roofs on both sides provide complete shade to the south facing elevation and protects the departing passengers from scorching heat. These buildings, designed in H shape, curtail the use of artificial lights as they permeate maximum flow of natural light.
The international and domestic terminal is connected with a steel glass tube (700m approx. ) which give the passengers a freeway for movement. The airport is well connected with three modes of transportation – metro, railway station and highway which makes it one of the most easily commuted airports in the country. In addition to this, it also facilitates multi level car parking with a module of 1200 cars in each unit with ultimate capacity of 4800 cars and having a city side commercial area of more than 25000 Sqm. The terminal buildings also include varied activity areas such as Office Area of more than 16,500 sq mt and Commercial Space of 7,500 sq mt which comprises restaurant, cafeteria, duty free and other facilities.
The straightforward planning and super-efficient organization of the program, security and circulation form the basis of this innovative design that incorporates vibrant sustainable gardens.
To withstand the expansion and contraction forces, resulting from a temperature ranging from 5 to 45 degree Celsius Kalzip aluminum roofing system is used. The building’s open web, steel superstructure subtly rises to support twin curved roofs that define a light and open, column-free terminal and shaded by expansive glass cutain walls. Skylights highlight the geometry of the trusses, further defining the structural framework to allow natural lights to permeate the terminal with a constantly changing pattern of shade and shadow. Furthermore, rain water harvesting is a thoughtful addition to this venture where rain water is collected in the garden’s reflecting pools and cisterns. This recycled water is used as a sustainable source of irrigation in dry season which assist in saving water consumption by 40%.
Key changes to lookout for :
Prof. Charanjit S Shah – Founding Principal
Architect, educationist & academician, Prof. Charanjit S Shah established Creative Group in 1973 with a sincere approach towards Green Architecture in India. He has spearheaded some landmark sustainable projects in India including Swami Vivekananda Airport at Raipur, India and Kamraj Airport Terminal at Chennai, India. Led by Prof. Shah, Creative Group has also designed the Multimodal hubs for Ahmedabad-Gandhinagar Metro, Chennai Airport Metro, Goa and Vodadara Airports, 50 Years conceptual Master plan for the city of Jamshedpur. With an inclination towards teaching, he joined SPA, New Delhi in 1996 as a faculty & thereafter became the Director at Vastu Kala Academy, New Delhi. His passion for architectural education made him an honorary recipient of Professor Design Chair from the Jamia Milia Islamia University in New Delhi. He has authored several books on Architecture like Kitchen, Bathroom, Water supply & sanitation with emphasis on broad explanation of building services & management, structure, professional practice, etc. The “Architects’ Handbook – A Ready Reckoner” authored by Prof. Shah is a de-facto standard text used for academic & professional community.
Ar. Gurpreet S Shah – Principal Architect & Urban Designer
Ar. Gurpreet Shah has more than a decade of local and international architecture and urban design experience. With his vision to deliver a new generation of Airports and Mass transit facilities that are sustainable and also give a world class travel experience, Mr. Shah has pioneered sustainable infrastructure designs in India.
Prior to joining Creative Group Mr. Shah has worked with Beyer Blinder Belle Architects, New York, USA. Here he led the development of future campus planning frameworks for Indiana University, Bloomington and Princeton University, New Jersey. The work includes an analysis of the infrastructure, land utilization and the open space to develop a framework plan for future development.
He won the Indian Institute of Architects’ (NC) Design Award in 1999 and the William Kinne Fellows Award – A Travel prize awarded by Columbia University to study “Monuments and Contested Public Space” in Greece and Istanbul in 2004.
In Q1 of 2012 his team successfully completed the much coveted Mega Design project for Modernization of Chennai Airport. Under his leadership the firm has won the design competitions for Airport Terminals at Vadodara, Raipur and Goa, their city-side development, the Metro Station at Chennai Airport, Sustainable housing for TERI, LIC housing (Jaipur), Corporate Offices for OIL India Ltd. and Haryana Power Generation Corporation etc. With the sustainable Ananda housing project, Ar. Gurpreet Shah has pioneered the highly functional yet efficient designs for low cost housing. With a consistent record of delivering designs close to original intent and within the stipulated time and budget, his projects have won many accolades and received much acclaim from the press, profession and general public alike. Some of which include Best Infrastructure Project of the Year Tamil Nadu by UltraTech 2012 for Chennai Airport, Best Infrastructure Project of the Year by AICA (2013-14) for Chennai Airport, Best Airport(Rest of India), National Tourism Award by Ministry of Tourism for Raipur Airport, Outstanding Concrete Structure, ICI by Ultratech 2014 for Goa Airport.
His designs have been recently selected for four new railway stations in Naya Raipur through a global design competition. He is also entrusted for designing Gems School, the first school in the smart city of Kochi. By virtue of his diverse experience and unique design ideology, the firm has been selected by various cooperates to design their office complex all over India.
Contact Creative Group