Sumit Singhal loves modern architecture. He comes from a family of builders who have built more than 20 projects in the last ten years near Delhi in India. He has recently started writing about the architectural projects that catch his imagination.
Haifeng Da’an Temple in Guangzhou, China by Shaanxi Lvyun Ancient Landscape Architecture Engineering Co., Ltd
August 23rd, 2017 by Sumit Singhal
Article source: Shaanxi Lvyun Ancient Landscape Architecture Engineering Co., Ltd
The case is meant for restoring the prosperity of a local temple. During our design, we find that its landscape, centuries-old history and the passion of local people require a temple which is magnificent but remains noble to reshape the memory of the site. In order to design the temple, we referred to plenty of historic files and chose some of the most philosophical and aesthetical “Architecture examples of Tang Dynasty ” in which ,no matter the profound eave or the piles of brackets all show the magnificent of the construction and the beauty of style. Furthermore, the nature environment and the manmade garden, the variety of landscape, which enable the temple to melting into the life of local people and heritage the religions tradition and producing positive effect.
The Chinese traditional religion architecture has been using the axis and momentum of Palace architecture. The case has reached the distance in creativity, shaping, layout and sense which no design has reached before. It lies against the mountain and facing the water, Yin and Yang embrace each other, regarding the temple as the shape and the mountain as the momentum, which all comes from the nature, just like a Chinese painting of mountain and water. And the creativity and the methods of the case is a regression and insistence on Chinese traditional culture. And constructing a city into palace, using the lane as model, and the architecture group uses the yard as model, single architecture use Doukou as model. After the traditional construction method being put away for a long time, we’ll make use of it again to inheritating and exploring.
The building culture of China is just like a flying dragon which needs to search for a new sense of value. In our design, we realized the perfect combination of tradition and modern, on one way, we standardize and rationalize the model of ”Caifen” “Doukou” in traditional architecture, thus making it unified in quantized architecture rule principles, on another way, we can use plenty of photodegradable organic constructing materials, such as concert , mortar, and Tong oil, which reduce the constructing cost and the release of pollution, by improving the craft we strengthened the quality of product, reduced the fee and maintenance of the product .We also searched the influences of physical factors towards human being and environment, including to the direct sunlight and diffused light, as well as the reaction of architecture towards acoustical, visual, touching reaction. For example, in order to use the direct sunlight as the lighting, we determine to use the terrain layout of architecture, and use the angle of incidence to determine the orientation and depth of building, by using the comparison of measure and color, and the dealing of acoustical environment, to produce a feeling of shocks.
The case is the result of inheritating and developing Chinese traditional architecture, it’s a unique shape of Asian architecture. It combines the traditional architecture Fengshui, the gardening constructing subject, and architecture aesthetic subject. As far as getting acknowledged of both the ancient and the modern society, the appearance of it will bring more exploring and thought towards inheitating and promoting traditional architecture culture.
Heritage and Innovate of the Chinese Traditional Architecture
Culture is alive, it belongs to human, civilization is a combination of culture, Chinese traditional architecture is the crystal of ancient science and art, it is the showcase of development of culture and materializes of development. During our design of the temple, we follow the idea of traditional architect and pick the most profoundly , philosophical and aesthetic “the architecture case of Tang Dynasty”, no matter the deep eaves or the piles of brackets, all show the unification of constructing function and beauty of shape. The temple uses “space” “group” as an unit, and use different atmosphere as direction, which implement the “Fengshui” culture, equipped with local material such as bricks, stones, and woods, forming an architecture group which can run through organization and move step by step and utterly uniformed, the temple reflects the understanding of designers towards ancient architecture and follow the nature circumstance and local culture, which fulfilled the procedure of “inheritate-transfer-innovation”.
Improving culture confidence, constructing local spirits: The acceptance of a place and ethnic lines comes mainly from local culture, if the culture reaches the level of society and country, it will become a culture system of a country, which combine tradition and modernity, we must strengthen some culture tradition in the basic part, which enable the citizens to increase their culture confidence, accumulate the power of developing, constructing regional and powerful Chinese culture language.
To build the lable of the inheritation and innovationin ancient architecture: Developing the traditional culture we cannot show fickleness and nearsightedness, we did a lot of work in our design, which make good use of every department, using the combination of traditional constructing material, construction and structure, according to the reality, we show great characteristics in making good use of traditional architecture, and overwhelming architecture function and visual effect, which contribute a excellent case to the world.
The work is a carrier of thousands years of Chinese traditional architecture, it’s the crystal of the wisdom of Chinese people, it comes from the nature and melting with it, and follow the principle of nature development, it’s filled with Chinese characteristics, and is also a unique one in the world architecture system.
The designing language of the case is using the “space” as a unit of constructing the temple, and “space” organized with each other and become “group”. “Group” is the basis of Chinese architecture, “space” and “group” shaping a levered axis-lanes space structure.
And the splendid Buddha, the musical instruments used in Buddhist and the organization of wall painting is the aesthetic centre of temple, is Chinese people’s deeper thought towards Buddha aesthetic.
The organization of the temple group and the ornament is the mainly appearance of architecture, which reflects the requirements of different architecture level, also reflects the architecture civil beauty which regard belief as bond, which is the most unique characteristic of Chinese architecture.