Sumit Singhal loves modern architecture. He comes from a family of builders who have built more than 20 projects in the last ten years near Delhi in India. He has recently started writing about the architectural projects that catch his imagination.
House in Bernolákovo, Slovak Republic by ZITNANSKY GONDA architects
April 23rd, 2018 by Sumit Singhal
Article source: ZITNANSKY GONDA architects
The project was not a standard investor-architect assignment as one of the project’s authors is also the house investor along with his partner. Both had dreamt of a non-standard housing in a town or smaller village, which would have its intimacy and be protected from the usual street noise.
The house’s aim was to use the potential of the surrounding gardens and its view of the surrounding countryside. Inside, an emphasis is placed on the functional, material and artistic aspects to create an inspirational environment for creation, as both investors are creative professionals.
The design of the object is affected mostly by its location. It is located as the third of the six separate family houses between two opposite streets on a 15x200m plot with shared private communication and a home-garden, home-garden rhythm. Surrounding objects with sloping roofs are mostly from the early 80’s of the 20th Century.
The object builds on the rural context in a creative way – it builds upon the sloping roof concept but changes it to a contemporary slant diagonal shape with a north-south longitudinal axis, which thus becomes the axis of the whole space being solved, and at the same time brings a different experience from each angle of view. The transverse direction inside the building is unsettled – the predominant greenery around the house is suitable for interesting views, especially from the higher horizon.
The house itself is on a plot of size 446 m² set in the northern part along with a exterior stand for 2 cars, a garage entrance and a house entrance. The front south half of the house is a lawn connected barrier-free to the interior. The house is not closing itself from its environment, it is communicating with it; the fences are mostly eliminated which longs for good neighborly relations.
The two-storey family house layout is divided into a ground floor with a living area with an open gallery and a view of the floor, toilet, garage and technical room and the first floor with a study, a relaxation zone, a bathroom and a toilet. When designing the layout, emphasis was placed on the maximum openness of the interior with the house floor, but also the exterior views, and offers interesting views of the surrounding gardens.
An important factor is the orientation towards the world’s compass directions and gathering the sun energy. The night-time is orientated to the eastern side, with the morning sun to make waking up pleasant. The residential part on the ground floor is oriented to all the world sides. This way the interior is illuminated throughout the day.
The overhang roof on the south side of the house helps shade the house out of the strong sun during the summer months. In winter months, on the other hand, the solar rays are sinking into the interior and this way the house gains the energy for warming the house.
Since the object was built independently from the beginning, it was designed from easily accessible and labor-friendly materials. The ground floor of the house is an open space, where the 1st floor is supported with two load-bearing walls, separating the residential part from the garage and the technical room. The floor is designed as an open space and is divided only by traverse walls – the wooden roof is not supported and lies only on the perimeter masonry.
The façade is designed in white acrylic with details around windows glazed façade cladding in a black gloss finish. The windows openings are in an aluminum system with fixed and opening glazing. The windows are in a black, glossy finish with internal white textile shading.
The uniqueness of the design of the house supports the surface treatment of a roof made of a white liquid membrane. The unification of facade and roof surfaces unifies the shape of the house and helps to express the architecture of the house itself.
The interior has an austere material solution. Each room has a basic white chroma, and is always complemented by a wooden detail, either in the form of a wooden frame on the walls and floors or in the form of a wooden product that highlights the various functions in the house. Important interior features such as sitting and lighting are matched with clear poly-acrylate materials.
A great importance was placed on the element of the interior and the exterior lighting – in its design, function and technical aspects. Lighting becomes the jewel of the house, bringing home high-quality lighting and emotion through various lighting scenes. The lighting is the author’s own solution as all the lights have been developed and made to measure.
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